زېنون

د ويکيپېډيا، وړیا پوهنغونډ له خوا
و اصلی برخی ته ورشی د پلټنې ځای ته ورټوپ کړی
Xenon,  54Xe
Xenon discharge tube.jpg
A xenon-filled discharge tube glowing light blue
Xenon Spectrum.jpg
Spectral lines of xenon
عمومي خواص
Pronunciation /ˈzɛnɒn/[۱] or /ˈznɒn/[۲]
ZEN-on or ZEE-non
Appearance colorless gas, exhibiting a blue glow when placed in an electric field
Xenon په دوراني جدول کې
Hydrogen (diatomic nonmetal)
Helium (noble gas)
Lithium (alkali metal)
Beryllium (alkaline earth metal)
Boron (metalloid)
Carbon (polyatomic nonmetal)
Nitrogen (diatomic nonmetal)
Oxygen (diatomic nonmetal)
Fluorine (diatomic nonmetal)
Neon (noble gas)
Sodium (alkali metal)
Magnesium (alkaline earth metal)
Aluminium (post-transition metal)
Silicon (metalloid)
Phosphorus (polyatomic nonmetal)
Sulfur (polyatomic nonmetal)
Chlorine (diatomic nonmetal)
Argon (noble gas)
Potassium (alkali metal)
Calcium (alkaline earth metal)
Scandium (transition metal)
Titanium (transition metal)
Vanadium (transition metal)
Chromium (transition metal)
Manganese (transition metal)
Iron (transition metal)
Cobalt (transition metal)
Nickel (transition metal)
Copper (transition metal)
Zinc (transition metal)
Gallium (post-transition metal)
Germanium (metalloid)
Arsenic (metalloid)
Selenium (polyatomic nonmetal)
Bromine (diatomic nonmetal)
Krypton (noble gas)
Rubidium (alkali metal)
Strontium (alkaline earth metal)
Yttrium (transition metal)
Zirconium (transition metal)
Niobium (transition metal)
Molybdenum (transition metal)
Technetium (transition metal)
Ruthenium (transition metal)
Rhodium (transition metal)
Palladium (transition metal)
Silver (transition metal)
Cadmium (transition metal)
Indium (post-transition metal)
Tin (post-transition metal)
Antimony (metalloid)
Tellurium (metalloid)
Iodine (diatomic nonmetal)
Xenon (noble gas)
Caesium (alkali metal)
Barium (alkaline earth metal)
Lanthanum (lanthanide)
Cerium (lanthanide)
Praseodymium (lanthanide)
Neodymium (lanthanide)
Promethium (lanthanide)
Samarium (lanthanide)
Europium (lanthanide)
Gadolinium (lanthanide)
Terbium (lanthanide)
Dysprosium (lanthanide)
Holmium (lanthanide)
Erbium (lanthanide)
Thulium (lanthanide)
Ytterbium (lanthanide)
Lutetium (lanthanide)
Hafnium (transition metal)
Tantalum (transition metal)
Tungsten (transition metal)
Rhenium (transition metal)
Osmium (transition metal)
Iridium (transition metal)
Platinum (transition metal)
Gold (transition metal)
Mercury (transition metal)
Thallium (post-transition metal)
Lead (post-transition metal)
Bismuth (post-transition metal)
Polonium (post-transition metal)
Astatine (metalloid)
Radon (noble gas)
Francium (alkali metal)
Radium (alkaline earth metal)
Actinium (actinide)
Thorium (actinide)
Protactinium (actinide)
Uranium (actinide)
Neptunium (actinide)
Plutonium (actinide)
Americium (actinide)
Curium (actinide)
Berkelium (actinide)
Californium (actinide)
Einsteinium (actinide)
Fermium (actinide)
Mendelevium (actinide)
Nobelium (actinide)
Lawrencium (actinide)
Rutherfordium (transition metal)
Dubnium (transition metal)
Seaborgium (transition metal)
Bohrium (transition metal)
Hassium (transition metal)
Meitnerium (unknown chemical properties)
Darmstadtium (unknown chemical properties)
Roentgenium (unknown chemical properties)
Copernicium (transition metal)
Nihonium (unknown chemical properties)
Flerovium (unknown chemical properties)
Moscovium (unknown chemical properties)
Livermorium (unknown chemical properties)
Tennessine (unknown chemical properties)
Oganesson (unknown chemical properties)
Kr

Xe

Rn
iodinexenoncaesium
اټومي شمیره (Z) 54
گروپ, پیریود group 18 (noble gases), period 5
بلاک p-block
Element category   noble gas
معياري اټومي وزن (Ar) کينډۍ:Val[۳]
Electron configuration [Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p6
Electrons per shell
2, 8, 18, 18, 8
فزیکي خواص
حالت (at STP) گاز
دويلې کيدو ټکى 161.40 K ​(−111.75 °C, ​−169.15 °F)
يشنا ټکی 165.051 K ​(−108.099 °C, ​−162.578 °F)
کثافت (at STP) 5.894 g/L
when liquid, at b.p. 2.942 g/cm3[۴]
Triple point 161.405 K, ​81.77 kPa[۵]
Critical point 289.733 K, 5.842 MPa[۵]
Heat of fusion 2.27 kJ/mol
Heat of vaporization 12.64 kJ/mol
Molar heat capacity 21.01[۶] J/(mol·K)
Vapor pressure
P (Pa) 1 10 100 1 k 10 k 100 k
at T (K) 83 92 103 117 137 165
اټومي خواص
Oxidation states 0, +1, +2, +4, +6, +8 ​(rarely more than 0; a weakly acidic oxide)
Electronegativity Pauling scale: 2.6
Ionization energies
  • 1st: 1170.4 kJ/mol
  • 2nd: 2046.4 kJ/mol
  • 3rd: 3099.4 kJ/mol
Covalent radius 140±9 pm
Van der Waals radius 216 pm
Miscellanea
Crystal structureface-centered cubic (fcc)
Face-centered cubic crystal structure for xenon
Speed of sound gas: 178 m·s−1
liquid: 1090 m/s
د تودوخې تېرېدنه 5.65×10−3 W/(m·K)
Magnetic ordering diamagnetic[۷]
Magnetic susceptibility (χmol) −43.9·10−6 cm3/mol (298 K)[۸]
CAS Number 7440-63-3
History
Discovery and first isolation William Ramsay and Morris Travers (1898)
Main isotopes of xenon
آيسو­ټوپ Abun­dance نیم ژوند (t1/2) Decay mode Pro­duct
124Xe 0.095% stable
125Xe syn 16.9 h ε 125I
126Xe 0.089% stable
127Xe syn 36.345 d ε 127I
128Xe 1.910% stable
129Xe 26.401% stable
130Xe 4.071% stable
131Xe 21.232% stable
132Xe 26.909% stable
133Xe syn 5.247 d β 133Cs
134Xe 10.436% stable
135Xe syn 9.14 h β 135Cs
136Xe 8.857% 2.165×1021 y[۹] ββ 136Ba
| references | in Wikidata

زېنون (په انگرېزي: Xenon) له کیمیاوي عناصرو څخه یو دی چې په تناوبي جدول کې د Xe سمبول او ۵۴ اتمي شمېرې په وسیله ښودل شوی دی.

مشخصات[سمول]

تاریخچه[سمول]

مرکبات[سمول]

د استعمال ځایونه[سمول]

سرچينې[سمول]

  1. کينډۍ:Cite dictionary
  2. . Xenon. Dictionary.com Unabridged.
  3. Meija, J.; Coplen, T. B. (2016). "Atomic weights of the elements 2013 (IUPAC Technical Report)". Pure Appl. Chem. 88 (3): 265-91. doi:10.1515/pac-2015-0305. https://www.degruyter.com/downloadpdf/j/pac.2016.88.issue-3/pac-2015-0305/pac-2015-0305.xml. 
  4. . Xenon. Gas Encyclopedia. Air Liquide
  5. ۵٫۰ ۵٫۱ کينډۍ:RubberBible92nd
  6. Hwang, Shuen-Cheng; Weltmer, William R. (2000). [اصطلاحي تېروتنه: د ناپېژندلې ليکنښې لوښه "۱". "Helium Group Gases"]. Kirk-Othmer Encyclopedia of Chemical Technology. Wiley. pp. 343–383. doi:10.1002/0471238961.0701190508230114.a01. ISBN 0-471-23896-1. 
  7. Magnetic susceptibility of the elements and inorganic compounds, in کينډۍ:RubberBible86th
  8. Weast, Robert (1984). [اصطلاحي تېروتنه: د ناپېژندلې ليکنښې لوښه "۱". CRC, Handbook of Chemistry and Physics]. Boca Raton, Florida: Chemical Rubber Company Publishing. pp. E110. ISBN 0-8493-0464-4. 
  9. Albert, J. B.; Auger, M.; Auty, D. J.; Barbeau, P. S.; Beauchamp, E.; Beck, D.; Belov, V.; Benitez-Medina, C. et al. (2014). [اصطلاحي تېروتنه: د ناپېژندلې ليکنښې لوښه "۱". "Improved measurement of the 2νββ half-life of 136Xe with the EXO-200 detector"]. Physical Review C 89. doi:10.1103/PhysRevC.89.015502. 

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