ردرفورديوم

د ويکيپېډيا، وړیا پوهنغونډ له خوا
(له Rutherfordium نه مخ گرځېدلی)
و اصلی برخی ته ورشی د پلټنې ځای ته ورټوپ کړی
Rutherfordium,  104Rf
عمومي خواص
Pronunciation /ˌrʌðərˈfɔrdiəm/
RUDH-ər-FOR-dee-əm
Rutherfordium په دوراني جدول کې
Hydrogen (diatomic nonmetal)
Helium (noble gas)
Lithium (alkali metal)
Beryllium (alkaline earth metal)
Boron (metalloid)
Carbon (polyatomic nonmetal)
Nitrogen (diatomic nonmetal)
Oxygen (diatomic nonmetal)
Fluorine (diatomic nonmetal)
Neon (noble gas)
Sodium (alkali metal)
Magnesium (alkaline earth metal)
Aluminium (post-transition metal)
Silicon (metalloid)
Phosphorus (polyatomic nonmetal)
Sulfur (polyatomic nonmetal)
Chlorine (diatomic nonmetal)
Argon (noble gas)
Potassium (alkali metal)
Calcium (alkaline earth metal)
Scandium (transition metal)
Titanium (transition metal)
Vanadium (transition metal)
Chromium (transition metal)
Manganese (transition metal)
Iron (transition metal)
Cobalt (transition metal)
Nickel (transition metal)
Copper (transition metal)
Zinc (transition metal)
Gallium (post-transition metal)
Germanium (metalloid)
Arsenic (metalloid)
Selenium (polyatomic nonmetal)
Bromine (diatomic nonmetal)
Krypton (noble gas)
Rubidium (alkali metal)
Strontium (alkaline earth metal)
Yttrium (transition metal)
Zirconium (transition metal)
Niobium (transition metal)
Molybdenum (transition metal)
Technetium (transition metal)
Ruthenium (transition metal)
Rhodium (transition metal)
Palladium (transition metal)
Silver (transition metal)
Cadmium (transition metal)
Indium (post-transition metal)
Tin (post-transition metal)
Antimony (metalloid)
Tellurium (metalloid)
Iodine (diatomic nonmetal)
Xenon (noble gas)
Caesium (alkali metal)
Barium (alkaline earth metal)
Lanthanum (lanthanide)
Cerium (lanthanide)
Praseodymium (lanthanide)
Neodymium (lanthanide)
Promethium (lanthanide)
Samarium (lanthanide)
Europium (lanthanide)
Gadolinium (lanthanide)
Terbium (lanthanide)
Dysprosium (lanthanide)
Holmium (lanthanide)
Erbium (lanthanide)
Thulium (lanthanide)
Ytterbium (lanthanide)
Lutetium (lanthanide)
Hafnium (transition metal)
Tantalum (transition metal)
Tungsten (transition metal)
Rhenium (transition metal)
Osmium (transition metal)
Iridium (transition metal)
Platinum (transition metal)
Gold (transition metal)
Mercury (transition metal)
Thallium (post-transition metal)
Lead (post-transition metal)
Bismuth (post-transition metal)
Polonium (post-transition metal)
Astatine (metalloid)
Radon (noble gas)
Francium (alkali metal)
Radium (alkaline earth metal)
Actinium (actinide)
Thorium (actinide)
Protactinium (actinide)
Uranium (actinide)
Neptunium (actinide)
Plutonium (actinide)
Americium (actinide)
Curium (actinide)
Berkelium (actinide)
Californium (actinide)
Einsteinium (actinide)
Fermium (actinide)
Mendelevium (actinide)
Nobelium (actinide)
Lawrencium (actinide)
Rutherfordium (transition metal)
Dubnium (transition metal)
Seaborgium (transition metal)
Bohrium (transition metal)
Hassium (transition metal)
Meitnerium (unknown chemical properties)
Darmstadtium (unknown chemical properties)
Roentgenium (unknown chemical properties)
Copernicium (transition metal)
Nihonium (unknown chemical properties)
Flerovium (unknown chemical properties)
Moscovium (unknown chemical properties)
Livermorium (unknown chemical properties)
Tennessine (unknown chemical properties)
Oganesson (unknown chemical properties)
Hf

Rf

(Upo)
lawrenciumrutherfordiumdubnium
اټومي شمیره (Z) 104
گروپ, پیریود group 4, period 7
بلاک d-block
Element category   transition metal
Mass number 267 (most stable isotope)
Electron configuration [Rn] 5f14 6d2 7s2[۱][۲]
Electrons per shell
2, 8, 18, 32, 32, 10, 2
فزیکي خواص
حالت (at STP) جامد (predicted)[۱][۲]
دويلې کيدو ټکى 2400 K ​(2100 °C, ​3800 °F) (predicted)[۱][۲]
يشنا ټکی 5800 K ​(5500 °C, ​9900 °F) (predicted)[۱][۲]
Density near r.t. 23.2 g/cm3 (predicted)[۱][۲][۳]
اټومي خواص
Oxidation states 4,[۱] (3), (2)[۲][۳] ​(parenthesized numbers are predictions)
Ionization energies
  • 1st: 579.9 kJ/mol
  • 2nd: 1389.4 kJ/mol
  • 3rd: 2296.4 kJ/mol
  • (more) (all but first estimated)[۲]
Atomic radius empirical: 150 pm (estimated)[۲]
Covalent radius 157 pm (estimated)[۱]
Miscellanea
Crystal structurehexagonal close-packed (hcp)
Hexagonal close-packed crystal structure for rutherfordium

(predicted)[۴]
CAS Number 53850-36-5
History
Naming after Ernest Rutherford
Discovery Joint Institute for Nuclear Research and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (1964, 1969)
Main isotopes of rutherfordium
آيسو­ټوپ Abun­dance نیم ژوند (t1/2) Decay mode Pro­duct

کينډۍ:Infobox element/isotopes decay3 کينډۍ:Infobox element/isotopes decay2

265Rf syn 1.0 min[۵][۶][۷] SF
266Rf syn 23 s? SF
267Rf syn 1.3 h[۸] SF
| references | in Wikidata

ردرفورديوم (په انگرېزي: Rutherfordium) له کیمیاوي عناصرو څخه یو دی چې په تناوبي جدول کې د Rf سمبول او ۱۰۴ اتمي شمېرې په وسیله ښودل شوی دی.

مشخصات[سمول]

تاریخچه[سمول]

مرکبات[سمول]

د استعمال ځایونه[سمول]

سرچينې[سمول]

  1. ۱٫۰ ۱٫۱ ۱٫۲ ۱٫۳ ۱٫۴ ۱٫۵ ۱٫۶ Chemical Data. Rutherfordium - Rf, Royal Chemical Society
  2. ۲٫۰ ۲٫۱ ۲٫۲ ۲٫۳ ۲٫۴ ۲٫۵ ۲٫۶ ۲٫۷ Hoffman, Darleane C.; Lee, Diana M.; Pershina, Valeria (2006). [اصطلاحي تېروتنه: د ناپېژندلې ليکنښې لوښه "۱". "Transactinides and the future elements"]. In Morss; Edelstein, Norman M.; Fuger, Jean. The Chemistry of the Actinide and Transactinide Elements (3rd ed.). Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Springer Science+Business Media. ISBN 1-4020-3555-1. 
  3. ۳٫۰ ۳٫۱ Fricke, Burkhard (1975). "Superheavy elements: a prediction of their chemical and physical properties". Recent Impact of Physics on Inorganic Chemistry 21: 89–144. doi:10.1007/BFb0116498. http://www.researchgate.net/publication/225672062_Superheavy_elements_a_prediction_of_their_chemical_and_physical_properties. Retrieved 4 October 2013. 
  4. Östlin, A.; Vitos, L. (2011). [اصطلاحي تېروتنه: د ناپېژندلې ليکنښې لوښه "۱". "First-principles calculation of the structural stability of 6d transition metals"]. Physical Review B 84 (11). doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.84.113104. Bibcode2011PhRvB..84k3104O. 
  5. Ellison, P.; Gregorich, K.; Berryman, J.; Bleuel, D.; Clark, R.; Dragojević, I.; Dvorak, J.; Fallon, P. et al. (2010). [اصطلاحي تېروتنه: د ناپېژندلې ليکنښې لوښه "۱". "New Superheavy Element Isotopes: 242Pu(48Ca,5n)285114"]. Physical Review Letters 105 (18): 182701. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.105.182701. PMID 21231101. Bibcode2010PhRvL.105r2701E. 
  6. http://cyclotron.tamu.edu/she2015/assets/pdfs/presentations/Utyonkov_SHE_2015_TAMU.pdf
  7. Utyonkov, V. K.; Brewer, N. T.; Oganessian, Yu. Ts.; Rykaczewski, K. P.; Abdullin, F. Sh.; Dmitriev, S. N.; Grzywacz, R. K.; Itkis, M. G. et al. (15 September 2015). [اصطلاحي تېروتنه: د ناپېژندلې ليکنښې لوښه "۱". "Experiments on the synthesis of superheavy nuclei 284Fl and 285Fl in the 239,240Pu + 48Ca reactions"]. Physical Review C 92 (3). doi:10.1103/PhysRevC.92.034609. 

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