اوگانسون

د ويکيپېډيا، وړیا پوهنغونډ له خوا
و اصلی برخی ته ورشی د پلټنې ځای ته ورټوپ کړی
Oganesson,  118Og
عمومي خواص
Pronunciation /ɒɡəˈnɛsɒn/
o-gə-NES-on
Oganesson په دوراني جدول کې
Hydrogen (diatomic nonmetal)
Helium (noble gas)
Lithium (alkali metal)
Beryllium (alkaline earth metal)
Boron (metalloid)
Carbon (polyatomic nonmetal)
Nitrogen (diatomic nonmetal)
Oxygen (diatomic nonmetal)
Fluorine (diatomic nonmetal)
Neon (noble gas)
Sodium (alkali metal)
Magnesium (alkaline earth metal)
Aluminium (post-transition metal)
Silicon (metalloid)
Phosphorus (polyatomic nonmetal)
Sulfur (polyatomic nonmetal)
Chlorine (diatomic nonmetal)
Argon (noble gas)
Potassium (alkali metal)
Calcium (alkaline earth metal)
Scandium (transition metal)
Titanium (transition metal)
Vanadium (transition metal)
Chromium (transition metal)
Manganese (transition metal)
Iron (transition metal)
Cobalt (transition metal)
Nickel (transition metal)
Copper (transition metal)
Zinc (transition metal)
Gallium (post-transition metal)
Germanium (metalloid)
Arsenic (metalloid)
Selenium (polyatomic nonmetal)
Bromine (diatomic nonmetal)
Krypton (noble gas)
Rubidium (alkali metal)
Strontium (alkaline earth metal)
Yttrium (transition metal)
Zirconium (transition metal)
Niobium (transition metal)
Molybdenum (transition metal)
Technetium (transition metal)
Ruthenium (transition metal)
Rhodium (transition metal)
Palladium (transition metal)
Silver (transition metal)
Cadmium (transition metal)
Indium (post-transition metal)
Tin (post-transition metal)
Antimony (metalloid)
Tellurium (metalloid)
Iodine (diatomic nonmetal)
Xenon (noble gas)
Caesium (alkali metal)
Barium (alkaline earth metal)
Lanthanum (lanthanide)
Cerium (lanthanide)
Praseodymium (lanthanide)
Neodymium (lanthanide)
Promethium (lanthanide)
Samarium (lanthanide)
Europium (lanthanide)
Gadolinium (lanthanide)
Terbium (lanthanide)
Dysprosium (lanthanide)
Holmium (lanthanide)
Erbium (lanthanide)
Thulium (lanthanide)
Ytterbium (lanthanide)
Lutetium (lanthanide)
Hafnium (transition metal)
Tantalum (transition metal)
Tungsten (transition metal)
Rhenium (transition metal)
Osmium (transition metal)
Iridium (transition metal)
Platinum (transition metal)
Gold (transition metal)
Mercury (transition metal)
Thallium (post-transition metal)
Lead (post-transition metal)
Bismuth (post-transition metal)
Polonium (post-transition metal)
Astatine (metalloid)
Radon (noble gas)
Francium (alkali metal)
Radium (alkaline earth metal)
Actinium (actinide)
Thorium (actinide)
Protactinium (actinide)
Uranium (actinide)
Neptunium (actinide)
Plutonium (actinide)
Americium (actinide)
Curium (actinide)
Berkelium (actinide)
Californium (actinide)
Einsteinium (actinide)
Fermium (actinide)
Mendelevium (actinide)
Nobelium (actinide)
Lawrencium (actinide)
Rutherfordium (transition metal)
Dubnium (transition metal)
Seaborgium (transition metal)
Bohrium (transition metal)
Hassium (transition metal)
Meitnerium (unknown chemical properties)
Darmstadtium (unknown chemical properties)
Roentgenium (unknown chemical properties)
Copernicium (transition metal)
Nihonium (unknown chemical properties)
Flerovium (unknown chemical properties)
Moscovium (unknown chemical properties)
Livermorium (unknown chemical properties)
Tennessine (unknown chemical properties)
Oganesson (unknown chemical properties)
Rn

Og

(Usb)
tennessineoganessonununennium
اټومي شمیره (Z) 118
گروپ, پیریود group 18, period 7
بلاک p-block
Element category unknown, but probably a noble gas
Mass number 294 (most stable isotope)
Electron configuration [Rn] 5f14 6d10 7s2 7p6 (predicted)[۱][۲]
Electrons per shell
2, 8, 18, 32, 32, 18, 8 (predicted)
فزیکي خواص
حالت (at STP) جامد (predicted)[۱]
يشنا ټکی 350±30 K ​(80±30 °C, ​170±50 °F) (extrapolated)[۱]
Density when liquid, at m.p. 4.9–5.1 g/cm3 (predicted)[۳]
Critical point 439 K, 6.8 MPa (extrapolated)[۴]
Heat of fusion 23.5 kJ/mol (extrapolated)[۴]
Heat of vaporization 19.4 kJ/mol (extrapolated)[۴]
اټومي خواص
Oxidation states −1,[۲] 0, +1,[۵] +2,[۶] +4,[۶] +6[۲](predicted)
Ionization energies
  • 1st: 839.4 kJ/mol (predicted)[۲]
  • 2nd: 1563.1 kJ/mol (predicted)[۷]
Covalent radius 157 pm (predicted)[۸]
Miscellanea
Crystal structureface-centered cubic (fcc)
Face-centered cubic crystal structure for oganesson

(extrapolated)[۹]
CAS Number 54144-19-3
History
Naming after Yuri Oganessian
Prediction Niels Bohr (1922)
Discovery Joint Institute for Nuclear Research and Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (2006)
Main isotopes of oganesson
آيسو­ټوپ Abun­dance نیم ژوند (t1/2) Decay mode Pro­duct

کينډۍ:Infobox element/isotopes decay2

| references | in Wikidata

اوگانسون (په انگرېزي: Oganesson) له کیمیاوي عناصرو څخه یو دی چې په تناوبي جدول کې د Og سمبول او ۱۱۸ اتمي شمېرې په وسیله ښودل شوی دی.

مشخصات[سمول]

تاریخچه[سمول]

مرکبات[سمول]

د استعمال ځایونه[سمول]

سرچينې[سمول]

  1. ۱٫۰ ۱٫۱ ۱٫۲ Nash, Clinton S. (2005). [اصطلاحي تېروتنه: د ناپېژندلې ليکنښې لوښه "۱". "Atomic and Molecular Properties of Elements 112, 114, and 118"]. Journal of Physical Chemistry A 109 (15): 3493–3500. doi:10.1021/jp050736o. PMID 16833687. 
  2. ۲٫۰ ۲٫۱ ۲٫۲ ۲٫۳ Hoffman, Darleane C.; Lee, Diana M.; Pershina, Valeria (2006). [اصطلاحي تېروتنه: د ناپېژندلې ليکنښې لوښه "۱". "Transactinides and the future elements"]. In Morss; Edelstein, Norman M.; Fuger, Jean. The Chemistry of the Actinide and Transactinide Elements (3rd ed.). Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Springer Science+Business Media. ISBN 1-4020-3555-1. 
  3. Bonchev, Danail; Kamenska, Verginia (1981). "Predicting the Properties of the 113–120 Transactinide Elements". Journal of Physical Chemistry (American Chemical Society) 85 (9): 1177–1186. doi:10.1021/j150609a021. http://www.researchgate.net/publication/239657207_Predicting_the_properties_of_the_113_to_120_transactinide_elements. 
  4. ۴٫۰ ۴٫۱ ۴٫۲ Eichler, R.; Eichler, B., Thermochemical Properties of the Elements Rn, 112, 114, and 118, Paul Scherrer Institut, http://lch.web.psi.ch/files/anrep03/06.pdf, retrieved 2010-10-23 
  5. Han, Young-Kyu; Bae, Cheolbeom; Son, Sang-Kil; Lee, Yoon Sup (2000). [اصطلاحي تېروتنه: د ناپېژندلې ليکنښې لوښه "۱". "Spin–orbit effects on the transactinide p-block element monohydrides MH (M=element 113–118)"]. Journal of Chemical Physics 112 (6): 2684. doi:10.1063/1.480842. Bibcode2000JChPh.112.2684H. 
  6. ۶٫۰ ۶٫۱ کينډۍ:Citebook
  7. Fricke, Burkhard (1975). "Superheavy elements: a prediction of their chemical and physical properties". Recent Impact of Physics on Inorganic Chemistry 21: 89–144. doi:10.1007/BFb0116498. http://www.researchgate.net/publication/225672062_Superheavy_elements_a_prediction_of_their_chemical_and_physical_properties. Retrieved 4 October 2013. 
  8. Chemical Data. Ununoctium - Uuo, Royal Chemical Society
  9. Grosse, A. V. (1965). [اصطلاحي تېروتنه: د ناپېژندلې ليکنښې لوښه "۱". "Some physical and chemical properties of element 118 (Eka-Em) and element 86 (Em)"]. Journal of Inorganic and Nuclear Chemistry (Elsevier Science Ltd.) 27 (3): 509–19. doi:10.1016/0022-1902(65)80255-X. 

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