کلورين

د ويکيپېډيا، وړیا پوهنغونډ له خوا
(له Chlorine نه مخ گرځېدلی)
و اصلی برخی ته ورشی د پلټنې ځای ته ورټوپ کړی
Chlorine,  17Cl
Chlorine ampoule.jpg
A glass container filled with chlorine gas
Chlorine spectrum visible.png
Spectral lines of chlorine
عمومي خواص
Pronunciation /ˈklɔərn/ or /ˈklɔərɪn/
KLOHR-een or KLOHR-in
Appearancepale yellow-green gas
Chlorine په دوراني جدول کې
Hydrogen (diatomic nonmetal)
Helium (noble gas)
Lithium (alkali metal)
Beryllium (alkaline earth metal)
Boron (metalloid)
Carbon (polyatomic nonmetal)
Nitrogen (diatomic nonmetal)
Oxygen (diatomic nonmetal)
Fluorine (diatomic nonmetal)
Neon (noble gas)
Sodium (alkali metal)
Magnesium (alkaline earth metal)
Aluminium (post-transition metal)
Silicon (metalloid)
Phosphorus (polyatomic nonmetal)
Sulfur (polyatomic nonmetal)
Chlorine (diatomic nonmetal)
Argon (noble gas)
Potassium (alkali metal)
Calcium (alkaline earth metal)
Scandium (transition metal)
Titanium (transition metal)
Vanadium (transition metal)
Chromium (transition metal)
Manganese (transition metal)
Iron (transition metal)
Cobalt (transition metal)
Nickel (transition metal)
Copper (transition metal)
Zinc (transition metal)
Gallium (post-transition metal)
Germanium (metalloid)
Arsenic (metalloid)
Selenium (polyatomic nonmetal)
Bromine (diatomic nonmetal)
Krypton (noble gas)
Rubidium (alkali metal)
Strontium (alkaline earth metal)
Yttrium (transition metal)
Zirconium (transition metal)
Niobium (transition metal)
Molybdenum (transition metal)
Technetium (transition metal)
Ruthenium (transition metal)
Rhodium (transition metal)
Palladium (transition metal)
Silver (transition metal)
Cadmium (transition metal)
Indium (post-transition metal)
Tin (post-transition metal)
Antimony (metalloid)
Tellurium (metalloid)
Iodine (diatomic nonmetal)
Xenon (noble gas)
Caesium (alkali metal)
Barium (alkaline earth metal)
Lanthanum (lanthanide)
Cerium (lanthanide)
Praseodymium (lanthanide)
Neodymium (lanthanide)
Promethium (lanthanide)
Samarium (lanthanide)
Europium (lanthanide)
Gadolinium (lanthanide)
Terbium (lanthanide)
Dysprosium (lanthanide)
Holmium (lanthanide)
Erbium (lanthanide)
Thulium (lanthanide)
Ytterbium (lanthanide)
Lutetium (lanthanide)
Hafnium (transition metal)
Tantalum (transition metal)
Tungsten (transition metal)
Rhenium (transition metal)
Osmium (transition metal)
Iridium (transition metal)
Platinum (transition metal)
Gold (transition metal)
Mercury (transition metal)
Thallium (post-transition metal)
Lead (post-transition metal)
Bismuth (post-transition metal)
Polonium (post-transition metal)
Astatine (metalloid)
Radon (noble gas)
Francium (alkali metal)
Radium (alkaline earth metal)
Actinium (actinide)
Thorium (actinide)
Protactinium (actinide)
Uranium (actinide)
Neptunium (actinide)
Plutonium (actinide)
Americium (actinide)
Curium (actinide)
Berkelium (actinide)
Californium (actinide)
Einsteinium (actinide)
Fermium (actinide)
Mendelevium (actinide)
Nobelium (actinide)
Lawrencium (actinide)
Rutherfordium (transition metal)
Dubnium (transition metal)
Seaborgium (transition metal)
Bohrium (transition metal)
Hassium (transition metal)
Meitnerium (unknown chemical properties)
Darmstadtium (unknown chemical properties)
Roentgenium (unknown chemical properties)
Copernicium (transition metal)
Nihonium (unknown chemical properties)
Flerovium (unknown chemical properties)
Moscovium (unknown chemical properties)
Livermorium (unknown chemical properties)
Tennessine (unknown chemical properties)
Oganesson (unknown chemical properties)
F

Cl

Br
sulfurchlorineargon
اټومي شمیره (Z)17
گروپ, پیریودgroup 17 (halogens), period 3
بلاکp-block
Element category  diatomic nonmetal
معياري اټومي وزن (Ar)
  • [35.446, 35.457][۱]
  • conventional: 35.45
Electron configuration[Ne] 3s2 3p5
Electrons per shell
2, 8, 7
فزیکي خواص
حالت (at STP)گاز
دويلې کيدو ټکى171.6 K ​(−101.5 °C, ​−150.7 °F)
يشنا ټکی239.11 K ​(−34.04 °C, ​−29.27 °F)
کثافت (at STP)3.2 g/L
when liquid, at b.p.1.5625 g/cm3[۲]
Critical point416.9 K, 7.991 MPa
Heat of fusion(Cl2) 6.406 kJ/mol
Heat of vaporisation(Cl2) 20.41 kJ/mol
Molar heat capacity(Cl2)
33.949 J/(mol·K)
Vapour pressure
P (Pa) 1 10 100 1 k 10 k 100 k
at T (K) 128 139 153 170 197 239
اټومي خواص
Oxidation states7, 6, 5, 4, 3, 2, 1, −1 ​(a strongly acidic oxide)
ElectronegativityPauling scale: 3.16
Ionisation energies
  • 1st: 1251.2 kJ/mol
  • 2nd: 2298 kJ/mol
  • 3rd: 3822 kJ/mol
  • (more)
Covalent radius102±4 pm
Van der Waals radius175 pm
Miscellanea
Crystal structureorthorhombic
Orthorhombic crystal structure for chlorine
Speed of sound206 m/s (gas, at 0 °C)
د تودوخې تېرېدنه8.9کينډۍ:E W/(m·K)
Electrical resistivity>10 Ω·m (at 20 °C)
Magnetic orderingdiamagnetic[۳]
Magnetic susceptibility (χmol)−40.5·10−6 cm3/mol[۴]
CAS Number7782-50-5
History
Discovery and first isolationCarl Wilhelm Scheele (1774)
Recognized as an element byHumphry Davy (1808)
Main isotopes of chlorine
آيسو­ټوپ Abun­dance نیم ژوند (t1/2) Decay mode Pro­duct
35Cl 76% stable

کينډۍ:Infobox element/isotopes decay2

37Cl 24% stable
| references | in Wikidata

کلورين (په انگرېزي: Chlorine) له کیمیاوي عناصرو څخه یو دی چې په تناوبي جدول کې د Cl سمبول او ۱v اتمي شمېرې په وسیله ښودل شوی دی.

مشخصات[سمول]

تاریخچه[سمول]

مرکبات[سمول]

د استعمال ځایونه[سمول]

سرچينې[سمول]

  1. Meija, J.; Coplen, T. B. (2016). "Atomic weights of the elements 2013 (IUPAC Technical Report)". Pure Appl. Chem. 88 (3): 265-91. doi:10.1515/pac-2015-0305. https://www.degruyter.com/downloadpdf/j/pac.2016.88.issue-3/pac-2015-0305/pac-2015-0305.xml. 
  2. Chlorine, Gas Encyclopaedia, Air Liquide
  3. Magnetic susceptibility of the elements and inorganic compounds, in کينډۍ:RubberBible86th
  4. Weast, Robert (1984). CRC, Handbook of Chemistry and Physics. Boca Raton, Florida: Chemical Rubber Company Publishing. د کتاب پاڼي E110. د کتاب نړيواله کره شمېره 0-8493-0464-4. الوسيط |CitationClass= تم تجاهله (مساعدة)

Wiki letter w.svg دا ليکنه نابشپړه ده، تاسې ددې ليکنې په بشپړولو کې د ويکيپېډيا سره مرسته کولای شئ.