کينډۍ:Infobox chlorine

د ويکيپېډيا، وړیا پوهنغونډ له خوا
و اصلی برخی ته ورشی د پلټنې ځای ته ورټوپ کړی
Chlorine,  17Cl
Chlorine ampoule.jpg
A glass container filled with chlorine gas
Chlorine spectrum visible.png
Spectral lines of chlorine
عمومي خواص
Pronunciation /ˈklɔərn/ or /ˈklɔərɪn/
KLOHR-een or KLOHR-in
Appearance pale yellow-green gas
Chlorine په دوراني جدول کې
Hydrogen (diatomic nonmetal)
Helium (noble gas)
Lithium (alkali metal)
Beryllium (alkaline earth metal)
Boron (metalloid)
Carbon (polyatomic nonmetal)
Nitrogen (diatomic nonmetal)
Oxygen (diatomic nonmetal)
Fluorine (diatomic nonmetal)
Neon (noble gas)
Sodium (alkali metal)
Magnesium (alkaline earth metal)
Aluminium (post-transition metal)
Silicon (metalloid)
Phosphorus (polyatomic nonmetal)
Sulfur (polyatomic nonmetal)
Chlorine (diatomic nonmetal)
Argon (noble gas)
Potassium (alkali metal)
Calcium (alkaline earth metal)
Scandium (transition metal)
Titanium (transition metal)
Vanadium (transition metal)
Chromium (transition metal)
Manganese (transition metal)
Iron (transition metal)
Cobalt (transition metal)
Nickel (transition metal)
Copper (transition metal)
Zinc (transition metal)
Gallium (post-transition metal)
Germanium (metalloid)
Arsenic (metalloid)
Selenium (polyatomic nonmetal)
Bromine (diatomic nonmetal)
Krypton (noble gas)
Rubidium (alkali metal)
Strontium (alkaline earth metal)
Yttrium (transition metal)
Zirconium (transition metal)
Niobium (transition metal)
Molybdenum (transition metal)
Technetium (transition metal)
Ruthenium (transition metal)
Rhodium (transition metal)
Palladium (transition metal)
Silver (transition metal)
Cadmium (transition metal)
Indium (post-transition metal)
Tin (post-transition metal)
Antimony (metalloid)
Tellurium (metalloid)
Iodine (diatomic nonmetal)
Xenon (noble gas)
Caesium (alkali metal)
Barium (alkaline earth metal)
Lanthanum (lanthanide)
Cerium (lanthanide)
Praseodymium (lanthanide)
Neodymium (lanthanide)
Promethium (lanthanide)
Samarium (lanthanide)
Europium (lanthanide)
Gadolinium (lanthanide)
Terbium (lanthanide)
Dysprosium (lanthanide)
Holmium (lanthanide)
Erbium (lanthanide)
Thulium (lanthanide)
Ytterbium (lanthanide)
Lutetium (lanthanide)
Hafnium (transition metal)
Tantalum (transition metal)
Tungsten (transition metal)
Rhenium (transition metal)
Osmium (transition metal)
Iridium (transition metal)
Platinum (transition metal)
Gold (transition metal)
Mercury (transition metal)
Thallium (post-transition metal)
Lead (post-transition metal)
Bismuth (post-transition metal)
Polonium (post-transition metal)
Astatine (metalloid)
Radon (noble gas)
Francium (alkali metal)
Radium (alkaline earth metal)
Actinium (actinide)
Thorium (actinide)
Protactinium (actinide)
Uranium (actinide)
Neptunium (actinide)
Plutonium (actinide)
Americium (actinide)
Curium (actinide)
Berkelium (actinide)
Californium (actinide)
Einsteinium (actinide)
Fermium (actinide)
Mendelevium (actinide)
Nobelium (actinide)
Lawrencium (actinide)
Rutherfordium (transition metal)
Dubnium (transition metal)
Seaborgium (transition metal)
Bohrium (transition metal)
Hassium (transition metal)
Meitnerium (unknown chemical properties)
Darmstadtium (unknown chemical properties)
Roentgenium (unknown chemical properties)
Copernicium (transition metal)
Nihonium (unknown chemical properties)
Flerovium (unknown chemical properties)
Moscovium (unknown chemical properties)
Livermorium (unknown chemical properties)
Tennessine (unknown chemical properties)
Oganesson (unknown chemical properties)
F

Cl

Br
sulfurchlorineargon
اټومي شمیره (Z) 17
گروپ, پیریود group 17 (halogens), period 3
بلاک p-block
Element category   diatomic nonmetal
معياري اټومي وزن (Ar)
  • [35.446, 35.457][۱]
  • conventional: 35.45
Electron configuration [Ne] 3s2 3p5
Electrons per shell
2, 8, 7
فزیکي خواص
حالت (at STP) گاز
دويلې کيدو ټکى 171.6 K ​(−101.5 °C, ​−150.7 °F)
يشنا ټکی 239.11 K ​(−34.04 °C, ​−29.27 °F)
کثافت (at STP) 3.2 g/L
when liquid, at b.p. 1.5625 g/cm3[۲]
Critical point 416.9 K, 7.991 MPa
Heat of fusion (Cl2) 6.406 kJ/mol
Heat of vaporisation (Cl2) 20.41 kJ/mol
Molar heat capacity (Cl2)
33.949 J/(mol·K)
Vapour pressure
P (Pa) 1 10 100 1 k 10 k 100 k
at T (K) 128 139 153 170 197 239
اټومي خواص
Oxidation states 7, 6, 5, 4, 3, 2, 1, −1 ​(a strongly acidic oxide)
Electronegativity Pauling scale: 3.16
Ionisation energies
  • 1st: 1251.2 kJ/mol
  • 2nd: 2298 kJ/mol
  • 3rd: 3822 kJ/mol
  • (more)
Covalent radius 102±4 pm
Van der Waals radius 175 pm
Miscellanea
Crystal structureorthorhombic
Orthorhombic crystal structure for chlorine
Speed of sound 206 m/s (gas, at 0 °C)
د تودوخې تېرېدنه 8.9کينډۍ:E W/(m·K)
Electrical resistivity >10 Ω·m (at 20 °C)
Magnetic ordering diamagnetic[۳]
Magnetic susceptibility (χmol) −40.5·10−6 cm3/mol[۴]
CAS Number 7782-50-5
History
Discovery and first isolation Carl Wilhelm Scheele (1774)
Recognized as an element by Humphry Davy (1808)
Main isotopes of chlorine
آيسو­ټوپ Abun­dance نیم ژوند (t1/2) Decay mode Pro­duct
35Cl 76% stable

کينډۍ:Infobox element/isotopes decay2

37Cl 24% stable
| references | in Wikidata

Element navigation

chlorinePT
S ←
 
→ Ar

سرچينې

  1. Meija, J.; Coplen, T. B. (2016). "Atomic weights of the elements 2013 (IUPAC Technical Report)". Pure Appl. Chem. 88 (3): 265-91. doi:10.1515/pac-2015-0305. https://www.degruyter.com/downloadpdf/j/pac.2016.88.issue-3/pac-2015-0305/pac-2015-0305.xml. 
  2. Chlorine, Gas Encyclopaedia, Air Liquide
  3. Magnetic susceptibility of the elements and inorganic compounds, in کينډۍ:RubberBible86th
  4. Weast, Robert (1984). [اصطلاحي تېروتنه: د ناپېژندلې ليکنښې لوښه "۱". CRC, Handbook of Chemistry and Physics]. Boca Raton, Florida: Chemical Rubber Company Publishing. pp. E110. ISBN 0-8493-0464-4. 
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