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دارمسټادتيوم

د ويکيپېډيا، وړیا پوهنغونډ له خوا
(له Darmstadtium نه مخ گرځېدلی)
Darmstadtium,  110Ds
عمومي خواص
Pronunciation /dɑrmˈʃtɑːtiəm/[۱]
darm-SHTAHT-ee-əm
Darmstadtium په دوراني جدول کې
Hydrogen (diatomic nonmetal)
Helium (noble gas)
Lithium (alkali metal)
Beryllium (alkaline earth metal)
Boron (metalloid)
Carbon (polyatomic nonmetal)
Nitrogen (diatomic nonmetal)
Oxygen (diatomic nonmetal)
Fluorine (diatomic nonmetal)
Neon (noble gas)
Sodium (alkali metal)
Magnesium (alkaline earth metal)
Aluminium (post-transition metal)
Silicon (metalloid)
Phosphorus (polyatomic nonmetal)
Sulfur (polyatomic nonmetal)
Chlorine (diatomic nonmetal)
Argon (noble gas)
Potassium (alkali metal)
Calcium (alkaline earth metal)
Scandium (transition metal)
Titanium (transition metal)
Vanadium (transition metal)
Chromium (transition metal)
Manganese (transition metal)
Iron (transition metal)
Cobalt (transition metal)
Nickel (transition metal)
Copper (transition metal)
Zinc (transition metal)
Gallium (post-transition metal)
Germanium (metalloid)
Arsenic (metalloid)
Selenium (polyatomic nonmetal)
Bromine (diatomic nonmetal)
Krypton (noble gas)
Rubidium (alkali metal)
Strontium (alkaline earth metal)
Yttrium (transition metal)
Zirconium (transition metal)
Niobium (transition metal)
Molybdenum (transition metal)
Technetium (transition metal)
Ruthenium (transition metal)
Rhodium (transition metal)
Palladium (transition metal)
Silver (transition metal)
Cadmium (transition metal)
Indium (post-transition metal)
Tin (post-transition metal)
Antimony (metalloid)
Tellurium (metalloid)
Iodine (diatomic nonmetal)
Xenon (noble gas)
Caesium (alkali metal)
Barium (alkaline earth metal)
Lanthanum (lanthanide)
Cerium (lanthanide)
Praseodymium (lanthanide)
Neodymium (lanthanide)
Promethium (lanthanide)
Samarium (lanthanide)
Europium (lanthanide)
Gadolinium (lanthanide)
Terbium (lanthanide)
Dysprosium (lanthanide)
Holmium (lanthanide)
Erbium (lanthanide)
Thulium (lanthanide)
Ytterbium (lanthanide)
Lutetium (lanthanide)
Hafnium (transition metal)
Tantalum (transition metal)
Tungsten (transition metal)
Rhenium (transition metal)
Osmium (transition metal)
Iridium (transition metal)
Platinum (transition metal)
Gold (transition metal)
Mercury (transition metal)
Thallium (post-transition metal)
Lead (post-transition metal)
Bismuth (post-transition metal)
Polonium (post-transition metal)
Astatine (metalloid)
Radon (noble gas)
Francium (alkali metal)
Radium (alkaline earth metal)
Actinium (actinide)
Thorium (actinide)
Protactinium (actinide)
Uranium (actinide)
Neptunium (actinide)
Plutonium (actinide)
Americium (actinide)
Curium (actinide)
Berkelium (actinide)
Californium (actinide)
Einsteinium (actinide)
Fermium (actinide)
Mendelevium (actinide)
Nobelium (actinide)
Lawrencium (actinide)
Rutherfordium (transition metal)
Dubnium (transition metal)
Seaborgium (transition metal)
Bohrium (transition metal)
Hassium (transition metal)
Meitnerium (unknown chemical properties)
Darmstadtium (unknown chemical properties)
Roentgenium (unknown chemical properties)
Copernicium (transition metal)
Nihonium (unknown chemical properties)
Flerovium (unknown chemical properties)
Moscovium (unknown chemical properties)
Livermorium (unknown chemical properties)
Tennessine (unknown chemical properties)
Oganesson (unknown chemical properties)
Pt

Ds

(Uhq)
meitneriumdarmstadtiumroentgenium
اټومي شمیره (Z)110
گروپ, پیریودgroup 10, period 7
بلاکd-block
Element categoryunknown, but probably a transition metal
Mass number281 (most stable isotope)
Electron configuration[Rn] 5f14 6d8 7s2
(predicted)[۲]
Electrons per shell
2, 8, 18, 32, 32, 16, 2 (predicted)[۲]
فزیکي خواص
حالت (at STP)جامد (predicted)[۳]
Density near r.t.34.8 g/cm3 (predicted)[۲]
اټومي خواص
Oxidation states8, 6, 4, 2, 0(predicted)[۲][۴]
Ionization energies
  • 1st: 955.2 kJ/mol
  • 2nd: 1891.1 kJ/mol
  • 3rd: 3029.6 kJ/mol
  • (more) (all estimated)[۲]
Atomic radiusempirical: 132 pm (predicted)[۲][۴]
Covalent radius128 pm (estimated)[۵]
Miscellanea
Crystal structurebody-centered cubic (bcc)
Body-centered cubic crystal structure for darmstadtium
Body-centered cubic crystal structure for darmstadtium

(predicted)[۳]
CAS Number54083-77-1
History
Namingafter Darmstadt, Germany, where it was discovered
DiscoveryGesellschaft für Schwerionenforschung (1994)
Main isotopes of darmstadtium
آيسو­ټوپ Abun­dance نیم ژوند (t1/2) Decay mode Pro­duct

کينډۍ:Infobox element/isotopes decay2 کينډۍ:Infobox element/isotopes decay2

| references | in Wikidata

دارمسټادتيوم (په انگرېزي: Darmstadtium) له کیمیاوي عناصرو څخه یو دی چې په تناوبي جدول کې د Ds سمبول او ۱۱۰ اتمي شمېرې په وسیله ښودل شوی دی.

مشخصات[سمول]

تاریخچه[سمول]

مرکبات[سمول]

د استعمال ځایونه[سمول]

سرچينې[سمول]

  1. "Darmstadtium". Periodic Table of Videos. The University of Nottingham. لاسرسي‌نېټه ۱۹ اکتوبر ۲۰۱۲. منځګړی |CitationClass= له پامه غورځول شوی (لارښود)
  2. ۲٫۰ ۲٫۱ ۲٫۲ ۲٫۳ ۲٫۴ ۲٫۵ Hoffman, Darleane C.; Lee, Diana M.; Pershina, Valeria (2006). "Transactinides and the future elements". In Morss; Edelstein, Norman M.; Fuger, Jean (سمونګران). The Chemistry of the Actinide and Transactinide Elements (چاپ 3rd). Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Springer Science+Business Media. د کتاب نړيواله کره شمېره 1-4020-3555-1. منځګړی |CitationClass= له پامه غورځول شوی (لارښود)
  3. ۳٫۰ ۳٫۱ Östlin, A.; Vitos, L. (2011). "First-principles calculation of the structural stability of 6d transition metals". Physical Review B. 84 (11). Bibcode:2011PhRvB..84k3104O. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.84.113104. منځګړی |CitationClass= له پامه غورځول شوی (لارښود)
  4. ۴٫۰ ۴٫۱ Fricke, Burkhard (1975). "Superheavy elements: a prediction of their chemical and physical properties". Recent Impact of Physics on Inorganic Chemistry. 21: 89–144. doi:10.1007/BFb0116498. لاسرسي‌نېټه ۰۴ اکتوبر ۲۰۱۳. منځګړی |CitationClass= له پامه غورځول شوی (لارښود)
  5. Chemical Data. Darmstadtium - Ds, Royal Chemical Society

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