يورانيوم

د ويکيپېډيا، وړیا پوهنغونډ له خوا
(له Uranium نه مخ گرځېدلی)
و اصلی برخی ته ورشی د پلټنې ځای ته ورټوپ کړی
Uranium,  92U
Two hands in brown gloves holding a blotched gray disk with a number 2068 hand-written on it
عمومي خواص
Pronunciation /jʊˈrniəm/
ew-RAY-nee-əm
Appearance silvery gray metallic; corrodes to a spalling black oxide coat in air
Uranium په دوراني جدول کې
Hydrogen (diatomic nonmetal)
Helium (noble gas)
Lithium (alkali metal)
Beryllium (alkaline earth metal)
Boron (metalloid)
Carbon (polyatomic nonmetal)
Nitrogen (diatomic nonmetal)
Oxygen (diatomic nonmetal)
Fluorine (diatomic nonmetal)
Neon (noble gas)
Sodium (alkali metal)
Magnesium (alkaline earth metal)
Aluminium (post-transition metal)
Silicon (metalloid)
Phosphorus (polyatomic nonmetal)
Sulfur (polyatomic nonmetal)
Chlorine (diatomic nonmetal)
Argon (noble gas)
Potassium (alkali metal)
Calcium (alkaline earth metal)
Scandium (transition metal)
Titanium (transition metal)
Vanadium (transition metal)
Chromium (transition metal)
Manganese (transition metal)
Iron (transition metal)
Cobalt (transition metal)
Nickel (transition metal)
Copper (transition metal)
Zinc (transition metal)
Gallium (post-transition metal)
Germanium (metalloid)
Arsenic (metalloid)
Selenium (polyatomic nonmetal)
Bromine (diatomic nonmetal)
Krypton (noble gas)
Rubidium (alkali metal)
Strontium (alkaline earth metal)
Yttrium (transition metal)
Zirconium (transition metal)
Niobium (transition metal)
Molybdenum (transition metal)
Technetium (transition metal)
Ruthenium (transition metal)
Rhodium (transition metal)
Palladium (transition metal)
Silver (transition metal)
Cadmium (transition metal)
Indium (post-transition metal)
Tin (post-transition metal)
Antimony (metalloid)
Tellurium (metalloid)
Iodine (diatomic nonmetal)
Xenon (noble gas)
Caesium (alkali metal)
Barium (alkaline earth metal)
Lanthanum (lanthanide)
Cerium (lanthanide)
Praseodymium (lanthanide)
Neodymium (lanthanide)
Promethium (lanthanide)
Samarium (lanthanide)
Europium (lanthanide)
Gadolinium (lanthanide)
Terbium (lanthanide)
Dysprosium (lanthanide)
Holmium (lanthanide)
Erbium (lanthanide)
Thulium (lanthanide)
Ytterbium (lanthanide)
Lutetium (lanthanide)
Hafnium (transition metal)
Tantalum (transition metal)
Tungsten (transition metal)
Rhenium (transition metal)
Osmium (transition metal)
Iridium (transition metal)
Platinum (transition metal)
Gold (transition metal)
Mercury (transition metal)
Thallium (post-transition metal)
Lead (post-transition metal)
Bismuth (post-transition metal)
Polonium (post-transition metal)
Astatine (metalloid)
Radon (noble gas)
Francium (alkali metal)
Radium (alkaline earth metal)
Actinium (actinide)
Thorium (actinide)
Protactinium (actinide)
Uranium (actinide)
Neptunium (actinide)
Plutonium (actinide)
Americium (actinide)
Curium (actinide)
Berkelium (actinide)
Californium (actinide)
Einsteinium (actinide)
Fermium (actinide)
Mendelevium (actinide)
Nobelium (actinide)
Lawrencium (actinide)
Rutherfordium (transition metal)
Dubnium (transition metal)
Seaborgium (transition metal)
Bohrium (transition metal)
Hassium (transition metal)
Meitnerium (unknown chemical properties)
Darmstadtium (unknown chemical properties)
Roentgenium (unknown chemical properties)
Copernicium (transition metal)
Nihonium (unknown chemical properties)
Flerovium (unknown chemical properties)
Moscovium (unknown chemical properties)
Livermorium (unknown chemical properties)
Tennessine (unknown chemical properties)
Oganesson (unknown chemical properties)
Nd

U

(Uqh)
protactiniumuraniumneptunium
اټومي شمیره (Z) 92
گروپ, پیریود group n/a, period 7
بلاک f-block
Element category   actinide
معياري اټومي وزن (Ar) کينډۍ:Val[۱]
Electron configuration [Rn] 5f3 6d1 7s2
Electrons per shell
2, 8, 18, 32, 21, 9, 2
فزیکي خواص
حالت (at STP) جامد
دويلې کيدو ټکى 1405.3 K ​(1132.2 °C, ​2070 °F)
يشنا ټکی 4404 K ​(4131 °C, ​7468 °F)
Density near r.t. 19.1 g/cm3
when liquid, at m.p. 17.3 g/cm3
Heat of fusion 9.14 kJ/mol
Heat of vaporization 417.1 kJ/mol
Molar heat capacity 27.665 J/(mol·K)
Vapor pressure
P (Pa) 1 10 100 1 k 10 k 100 k
at T (K) 2325 2564 2859 3234 3727 4402
اټومي خواص
Oxidation states 6, 5, 4, 3,[۲] 2, 1 ​(a weakly basic oxide)
Electronegativity Pauling scale: 1.38
Ionization energies
  • 1st: 597.6 kJ/mol
  • 2nd: 1420 kJ/mol
Atomic radius empirical: 156 pm
Covalent radius 196±7 pm
Van der Waals radius 186 pm
Miscellanea
Crystal structureorthorhombic
Orthorhombic crystal structure for uranium
Speed of sound thin rod 3155 m/s (at 20 °C)
Thermal expansion 13.9 µm/(m·K) (at 25 °C)
د تودوخې تېرېدنه 27.5 W/(m·K)
Electrical resistivity 0.280 µΩ·m (at 0 °C)
Magnetic ordering paramagnetic
Young's modulus 208 GPa
Shear modulus 111 GPa
Bulk modulus 100 GPa
Poisson ratio 0.23
Vickers hardness 1960–2500 MPa
Brinell hardness 2350–3850 MPa
CAS Number 7440-61-1
History
Naming after planet Uranus, itself named after Greek god of the sky Uranus
Discovery Martin Heinrich Klaproth (1789)
First isolation Eugène-Melchior Péligot (1841)
Main isotopes of uranium
آيسو­ټوپ Abun­dance نیم ژوند (t1/2) Decay mode Pro­duct

کينډۍ:Infobox element/isotopes decay2 کينډۍ:Infobox element/isotopes decay2 کينډۍ:Infobox element/isotopes decay2 کينډۍ:Infobox element/isotopes decay2 کينډۍ:Infobox element/isotopes decay2 کينډۍ:Infobox element/isotopes decay3

| references | in Wikidata

يورانيوم (په انگرېزي: Uranium) له کیمیاوي عناصرو څخه یو دی چې په تناوبي جدول کې د U سمبول او ۹۲ اتمي شمېرې په وسیله ښودل شوی دی.

مشخصات[سمول]

تاریخچه[سمول]

مرکبات[سمول]

د استعمال ځایونه[سمول]

سرچينې[سمول]

  1. Meija, J.; Coplen, T. B. (2016). "Atomic weights of the elements 2013 (IUPAC Technical Report)". Pure Appl. Chem. 88 (3): 265-91. doi:10.1515/pac-2015-0305. https://www.degruyter.com/downloadpdf/j/pac.2016.88.issue-3/pac-2015-0305/pac-2015-0305.xml. 
  2. [اصطلاحي تېروتنه: د ناپېژندلې ليکنښې لوښه "۱". The Chemistry of the Actinide and Transactinide Elements] (3rd ed.). Netherlands: Springer. 2006. ISBN 9048131464. 

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