کرېپټون

د ويکيپېډيا، وړیا پوهنغونډ له خوا
(له Krypton نه مخ گرځېدلی)
و اصلی برخی ته ورشی د پلټنې ځای ته ورټوپ کړی
Krypton,  36Kr
Krypton discharge tube.jpg
A krypton-filled discharge tube glowing white
Krypton Spectrum.jpg
Spectral lines of krypton
عمومي خواص
Pronunciation /ˈkrɪptɒn/
KRIP-ton
Appearance colorless gas, exhibiting a whitish glow in an electric field
Krypton په دوراني جدول کې
Hydrogen (diatomic nonmetal)
Helium (noble gas)
Lithium (alkali metal)
Beryllium (alkaline earth metal)
Boron (metalloid)
Carbon (polyatomic nonmetal)
Nitrogen (diatomic nonmetal)
Oxygen (diatomic nonmetal)
Fluorine (diatomic nonmetal)
Neon (noble gas)
Sodium (alkali metal)
Magnesium (alkaline earth metal)
Aluminium (post-transition metal)
Silicon (metalloid)
Phosphorus (polyatomic nonmetal)
Sulfur (polyatomic nonmetal)
Chlorine (diatomic nonmetal)
Argon (noble gas)
Potassium (alkali metal)
Calcium (alkaline earth metal)
Scandium (transition metal)
Titanium (transition metal)
Vanadium (transition metal)
Chromium (transition metal)
Manganese (transition metal)
Iron (transition metal)
Cobalt (transition metal)
Nickel (transition metal)
Copper (transition metal)
Zinc (transition metal)
Gallium (post-transition metal)
Germanium (metalloid)
Arsenic (metalloid)
Selenium (polyatomic nonmetal)
Bromine (diatomic nonmetal)
Krypton (noble gas)
Rubidium (alkali metal)
Strontium (alkaline earth metal)
Yttrium (transition metal)
Zirconium (transition metal)
Niobium (transition metal)
Molybdenum (transition metal)
Technetium (transition metal)
Ruthenium (transition metal)
Rhodium (transition metal)
Palladium (transition metal)
Silver (transition metal)
Cadmium (transition metal)
Indium (post-transition metal)
Tin (post-transition metal)
Antimony (metalloid)
Tellurium (metalloid)
Iodine (diatomic nonmetal)
Xenon (noble gas)
Caesium (alkali metal)
Barium (alkaline earth metal)
Lanthanum (lanthanide)
Cerium (lanthanide)
Praseodymium (lanthanide)
Neodymium (lanthanide)
Promethium (lanthanide)
Samarium (lanthanide)
Europium (lanthanide)
Gadolinium (lanthanide)
Terbium (lanthanide)
Dysprosium (lanthanide)
Holmium (lanthanide)
Erbium (lanthanide)
Thulium (lanthanide)
Ytterbium (lanthanide)
Lutetium (lanthanide)
Hafnium (transition metal)
Tantalum (transition metal)
Tungsten (transition metal)
Rhenium (transition metal)
Osmium (transition metal)
Iridium (transition metal)
Platinum (transition metal)
Gold (transition metal)
Mercury (transition metal)
Thallium (post-transition metal)
Lead (post-transition metal)
Bismuth (post-transition metal)
Polonium (post-transition metal)
Astatine (metalloid)
Radon (noble gas)
Francium (alkali metal)
Radium (alkaline earth metal)
Actinium (actinide)
Thorium (actinide)
Protactinium (actinide)
Uranium (actinide)
Neptunium (actinide)
Plutonium (actinide)
Americium (actinide)
Curium (actinide)
Berkelium (actinide)
Californium (actinide)
Einsteinium (actinide)
Fermium (actinide)
Mendelevium (actinide)
Nobelium (actinide)
Lawrencium (actinide)
Rutherfordium (transition metal)
Dubnium (transition metal)
Seaborgium (transition metal)
Bohrium (transition metal)
Hassium (transition metal)
Meitnerium (unknown chemical properties)
Darmstadtium (unknown chemical properties)
Roentgenium (unknown chemical properties)
Copernicium (transition metal)
Nihonium (unknown chemical properties)
Flerovium (unknown chemical properties)
Moscovium (unknown chemical properties)
Livermorium (unknown chemical properties)
Tennessine (unknown chemical properties)
Oganesson (unknown chemical properties)
Ar

Kr

Xe
brominekryptonrubidium
اټومي شمیره (Z) 36
گروپ, پیریود group 18 (noble gases), period 4
بلاک p-block
Element category   noble gas
معياري اټومي وزن (Ar) کينډۍ:Val[۱]
Electron configuration [Ar] 3d10 4s2 4p6
Electrons per shell
2, 8, 18, 8
فزیکي خواص
حالت (at STP) گاز
دويلې کيدو ټکى 115.78 K ​(−157.37 °C, ​−251.27 °F)
يشنا ټکی 119.93 K ​(−153.415 °C, ​−244.147 °F)
کثافت (at STP) 3.749 g/L
when liquid, at b.p. 2.413 g/cm3[۲]
Triple point 115.775 K, ​73.53 kPa[۳][۴]
Critical point 209.48 K, 5.525 MPa[۴]
Heat of fusion 1.64 kJ/mol
Heat of vaporization 9.08 kJ/mol
Molar heat capacity 20.95[۵] J/(mol·K)
Vapor pressure
P (Pa) 1 10 100 1 k 10 k 100 k
at T (K) 59 65 74 84 99 120
اټومي خواص
Oxidation states 2, 1, 0 ​(rarely more than 0; unknown oxide)
Electronegativity Pauling scale: 3.00
Ionization energies
  • 1st: 1350.8 kJ/mol
  • 2nd: 2350.4 kJ/mol
  • 3rd: 3565 kJ/mol
Covalent radius 116±4 pm
Van der Waals radius 202 pm
Miscellanea
Crystal structureface-centered cubic (fcc)
Face-centered cubic crystal structure for krypton
Speed of sound (gas, 23 °C) 220 m·s−1
(liquid) 1120 m/s
د تودوخې تېرېدنه 9.43×10−3  W/(m·K)
Magnetic ordering diamagnetic[۶]
Magnetic susceptibility (χmol) −28.8·10−6 cm3/mol (298 K)[۷]
CAS Number 7439-90-9
History
Discovery and first isolation William Ramsay and Morris Travers (1898)
Main isotopes of krypton
آيسو­ټوپ Abun­dance نیم ژوند (t1/2) Decay mode Pro­duct
78Kr 0.36% 9.2×1021 y[۸] εε 78Se

کينډۍ:Infobox element/isotopes decay3

80Kr 2.29% stable

کينډۍ:Infobox element/isotopes decay2

82Kr 11.59% stable
83Kr 11.50% stable
84Kr 56.99% stable
85Kr syn 11 y β 85Rb
86Kr 17.28% stable
| references | in Wikidata

کرېپټون (په انگرېزي: Krypton) له کیمیاوي عناصرو څخه یو دی چې په تناوبي جدول کې د Kr سمبول او ۳۶ اتمي شمېرې په وسیله ښودل شوی دی.

مشخصات[سمول]

تاریخچه[سمول]

مرکبات[سمول]

د استعمال ځایونه[سمول]

سرچينې[سمول]

  1. Meija, J.; Coplen, T. B. (2016). "Atomic weights of the elements 2013 (IUPAC Technical Report)". Pure Appl. Chem. 88 (3): 265-91. doi:10.1515/pac-2015-0305. https://www.degruyter.com/downloadpdf/j/pac.2016.88.issue-3/pac-2015-0305/pac-2015-0305.xml. 
  2. Krypton. encyclopedia.airliquide.com
  3. [اصطلاحي تېروتنه: د ناپېژندلې ليکنښې لوښه "۱". "Section 4, Properties of the Elements and Inorganic Compounds; Melting, boiling, triple, and critical temperatures of the elements"]. CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics (85th ed.). Boca Raton, Florida: CRC Press. 2005. 
  4. ۴٫۰ ۴٫۱ کينډۍ:RubberBible92nd
  5. Shuen-Chen Hwang, Robert D. Lein, Daniel A. Morgan (2005). "Noble Gases". Kirk Othmer Encyclopedia of Chemical Technology. Wiley. pp. 343–383. doi:10.1002/0471238961.0701190508230114.a01.
  6. Magnetic susceptibility of the elements and inorganic compounds, in Lide, D. R., ed (2005). [اصطلاحي تېروتنه: د ناپېژندلې ليکنښې لوښه "۱". CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics] (86th ed.). Boca Raton (FL): CRC Press. ISBN 0-8493-0486-5. 
  7. Weast, Robert (1984). [اصطلاحي تېروتنه: د ناپېژندلې ليکنښې لوښه "۱". CRC, Handbook of Chemistry and Physics]. Boca Raton, Florida: Chemical Rubber Company Publishing. pp. E110. ISBN 0-8493-0464-4. 
  8. Patrignani, C. (2016). [اصطلاحي تېروتنه: د ناپېژندلې ليکنښې لوښه "۱". "Review of Particle Physics"]. Chinese Physics C 40 (10): 100001. doi:10.1088/1674-1137/40/10/100001.  See p. 768

Wiki letter w.svg دا ليکنه نابشپړه ده، تاسې ددې ليکنې په بشپړولو کې د ويکيپېډيا سره مرسته کولای شئ.