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ردرفورديوم

د ويکيپېډيا، وړیا پوهنغونډ له خوا
Rutherfordium,  104Rf
عمومي خواص
Pronunciation /ˌrʌðərˈfɔrdiəm/
RUDH-ər-FOR-dee-əm
Rutherfordium په دوراني جدول کې
Hydrogen (diatomic nonmetal)
Helium (noble gas)
Lithium (alkali metal)
Beryllium (alkaline earth metal)
Boron (metalloid)
Carbon (polyatomic nonmetal)
Nitrogen (diatomic nonmetal)
Oxygen (diatomic nonmetal)
Fluorine (diatomic nonmetal)
Neon (noble gas)
Sodium (alkali metal)
Magnesium (alkaline earth metal)
Aluminium (post-transition metal)
Silicon (metalloid)
Phosphorus (polyatomic nonmetal)
Sulfur (polyatomic nonmetal)
Chlorine (diatomic nonmetal)
Argon (noble gas)
Potassium (alkali metal)
Calcium (alkaline earth metal)
Scandium (transition metal)
Titanium (transition metal)
Vanadium (transition metal)
Chromium (transition metal)
Manganese (transition metal)
Iron (transition metal)
Cobalt (transition metal)
Nickel (transition metal)
Copper (transition metal)
Zinc (transition metal)
Gallium (post-transition metal)
Germanium (metalloid)
Arsenic (metalloid)
Selenium (polyatomic nonmetal)
Bromine (diatomic nonmetal)
Krypton (noble gas)
Rubidium (alkali metal)
Strontium (alkaline earth metal)
Yttrium (transition metal)
Zirconium (transition metal)
Niobium (transition metal)
Molybdenum (transition metal)
Technetium (transition metal)
Ruthenium (transition metal)
Rhodium (transition metal)
Palladium (transition metal)
Silver (transition metal)
Cadmium (transition metal)
Indium (post-transition metal)
Tin (post-transition metal)
Antimony (metalloid)
Tellurium (metalloid)
Iodine (diatomic nonmetal)
Xenon (noble gas)
Caesium (alkali metal)
Barium (alkaline earth metal)
Lanthanum (lanthanide)
Cerium (lanthanide)
Praseodymium (lanthanide)
Neodymium (lanthanide)
Promethium (lanthanide)
Samarium (lanthanide)
Europium (lanthanide)
Gadolinium (lanthanide)
Terbium (lanthanide)
Dysprosium (lanthanide)
Holmium (lanthanide)
Erbium (lanthanide)
Thulium (lanthanide)
Ytterbium (lanthanide)
Lutetium (lanthanide)
Hafnium (transition metal)
Tantalum (transition metal)
Tungsten (transition metal)
Rhenium (transition metal)
Osmium (transition metal)
Iridium (transition metal)
Platinum (transition metal)
Gold (transition metal)
Mercury (transition metal)
Thallium (post-transition metal)
Lead (post-transition metal)
Bismuth (post-transition metal)
Polonium (post-transition metal)
Astatine (metalloid)
Radon (noble gas)
Francium (alkali metal)
Radium (alkaline earth metal)
Actinium (actinide)
Thorium (actinide)
Protactinium (actinide)
Uranium (actinide)
Neptunium (actinide)
Plutonium (actinide)
Americium (actinide)
Curium (actinide)
Berkelium (actinide)
Californium (actinide)
Einsteinium (actinide)
Fermium (actinide)
Mendelevium (actinide)
Nobelium (actinide)
Lawrencium (actinide)
Rutherfordium (transition metal)
Dubnium (transition metal)
Seaborgium (transition metal)
Bohrium (transition metal)
Hassium (transition metal)
Meitnerium (unknown chemical properties)
Darmstadtium (unknown chemical properties)
Roentgenium (unknown chemical properties)
Copernicium (transition metal)
Nihonium (unknown chemical properties)
Flerovium (unknown chemical properties)
Moscovium (unknown chemical properties)
Livermorium (unknown chemical properties)
Tennessine (unknown chemical properties)
Oganesson (unknown chemical properties)
Hf

Rf

(Upo)
lawrenciumrutherfordiumdubnium
اټومي شمیره (Z)104
گروپ, پیریودgroup 4, period 7
بلاکd-block
Element category  transition metal
Mass number267 (most stable isotope)
Electron configuration[Rn] 5f14 6d2 7s2[۱][۲]
Electrons per shell
2, 8, 18, 32, 32, 10, 2
فزیکي خواص
حالت (at STP)جامد (predicted)[۱][۲]
دويلې کيدو ټکى2400 K ​(2100 °C, ​3800 °F) (predicted)[۱][۲]
يشنا ټکی5800 K ​(5500 °C, ​9900 °F) (predicted)[۱][۲]
Density near r.t.23.2 g/cm3 (predicted)[۱][۲][۳]
اټومي خواص
Oxidation states4,[۱] (3), (2)[۲][۳] ​(parenthesized numbers are predictions)
Ionization energies
  • 1st: 579.9 kJ/mol
  • 2nd: 1389.4 kJ/mol
  • 3rd: 2296.4 kJ/mol
  • (more) (all but first estimated)[۲]
Atomic radiusempirical: 150 pm (estimated)[۲]
Covalent radius157 pm (estimated)[۱]
Miscellanea
Crystal structurehexagonal close-packed (hcp)
Hexagonal close-packed crystal structure for rutherfordium
Hexagonal close-packed crystal structure for rutherfordium

(predicted)[۴]
CAS Number53850-36-5
History
Namingafter Ernest Rutherford
DiscoveryJoint Institute for Nuclear Research and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (1964, 1969)
Main isotopes of rutherfordium
آيسو­ټوپ Abun­dance نیم ژوند (t1/2) Decay mode Pro­duct

کينډۍ:Infobox element/isotopes decay3 کينډۍ:Infobox element/isotopes decay2

265Rf syn 1.0 min[۵][۶][۷] SF
266Rf syn 23 s? SF
267Rf syn 1.3 h[۸] SF
| references | in Wikidata

ردرفورديوم (په انگرېزي: Rutherfordium) له کیمیاوي عناصرو څخه یو دی چې په تناوبي جدول کې د Rf سمبول او ۱۰۴ اتمي شمېرې په وسیله ښودل شوی دی.

مشخصات[سمول]

تاریخچه[سمول]

مرکبات[سمول]

د استعمال ځایونه[سمول]

سرچينې[سمول]

  1. ۱٫۰ ۱٫۱ ۱٫۲ ۱٫۳ ۱٫۴ ۱٫۵ ۱٫۶ Chemical Data. Rutherfordium - Rf, Royal Chemical Society
  2. ۲٫۰ ۲٫۱ ۲٫۲ ۲٫۳ ۲٫۴ ۲٫۵ ۲٫۶ ۲٫۷ Hoffman, Darleane C.; Lee, Diana M.; Pershina, Valeria (2006). "Transactinides and the future elements". In Morss; Edelstein, Norman M.; Fuger, Jean (سمونګران). The Chemistry of the Actinide and Transactinide Elements (چاپ 3rd). Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Springer Science+Business Media. د کتاب نړيواله کره شمېره 1-4020-3555-1. منځګړی |CitationClass= له پامه غورځول شوی (لارښود)
  3. ۳٫۰ ۳٫۱ Fricke, Burkhard (1975). "Superheavy elements: a prediction of their chemical and physical properties". Recent Impact of Physics on Inorganic Chemistry. 21: 89–144. doi:10.1007/BFb0116498. لاسرسي‌نېټه ۰۴ اکتوبر ۲۰۱۳. منځګړی |CitationClass= له پامه غورځول شوی (لارښود)
  4. Östlin, A.; Vitos, L. (2011). "First-principles calculation of the structural stability of 6d transition metals". Physical Review B. 84 (11). Bibcode:2011PhRvB..84k3104O. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.84.113104. منځګړی |CitationClass= له پامه غورځول شوی (لارښود)
  5. Ellison, P.; Gregorich, K.; Berryman, J.; Bleuel, D.; Clark, R.; Dragojević, I.; Dvorak, J.; Fallon, P.; et al. (2010). "New Superheavy Element Isotopes: 242Pu(48Ca,5n)285114". Physical Review Letters. 105 (18): 182701. Bibcode:2010PhRvL.105r2701E. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.105.182701. PMID 21231101. منځګړی |CitationClass= له پامه غورځول شوی (لارښود)
  6. http://cyclotron.tamu.edu/she2015/assets/pdfs/presentations/Utyonkov_SHE_2015_TAMU.pdf
  7. Utyonkov, V. K.; Brewer, N. T.; Oganessian, Yu. Ts.; Rykaczewski, K. P.; Abdullin, F. Sh.; Dmitriev, S. N.; Grzywacz, R. K.; Itkis, M. G.; Miernik, K.; Polyakov, A. N.; Roberto, J. B.; Sagaidak, R. N.; Shirokovsky, I. V.; Shumeiko, M. V.; Tsyganov, Yu. S.; Voinov, A. A.; Subbotin, V. G.; Sukhov, A. M.; Sabel'nikov, A. V.; Vostokin, G. K.; Hamilton, J. H.; Stoyer, M. A.; Strauss, S. Y. (15 September 2015). "Experiments on the synthesis of superheavy nuclei 284Fl and 285Fl in the 239,240Pu + 48Ca reactions". Physical Review C. 92 (3). doi:10.1103/PhysRevC.92.034609. منځګړی |CitationClass= له پامه غورځول شوی (لارښود)
  8. Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named nuclidetable

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