هاسيوم

د ويکيپېډيا، وړیا پوهنغونډ له خوا
و اصلی برخی ته ورشی د پلټنې ځای ته ورټوپ کړی
Hassium,  108Hs
عمومي خواص
Pronunciation /ˈhæsiəm/[۱]
HASS-ee-əm
Appearance silvery (predicted)[۲]
Hassium په دوراني جدول کې
Hydrogen (diatomic nonmetal)
Helium (noble gas)
Lithium (alkali metal)
Beryllium (alkaline earth metal)
Boron (metalloid)
Carbon (polyatomic nonmetal)
Nitrogen (diatomic nonmetal)
Oxygen (diatomic nonmetal)
Fluorine (diatomic nonmetal)
Neon (noble gas)
Sodium (alkali metal)
Magnesium (alkaline earth metal)
Aluminium (post-transition metal)
Silicon (metalloid)
Phosphorus (polyatomic nonmetal)
Sulfur (polyatomic nonmetal)
Chlorine (diatomic nonmetal)
Argon (noble gas)
Potassium (alkali metal)
Calcium (alkaline earth metal)
Scandium (transition metal)
Titanium (transition metal)
Vanadium (transition metal)
Chromium (transition metal)
Manganese (transition metal)
Iron (transition metal)
Cobalt (transition metal)
Nickel (transition metal)
Copper (transition metal)
Zinc (transition metal)
Gallium (post-transition metal)
Germanium (metalloid)
Arsenic (metalloid)
Selenium (polyatomic nonmetal)
Bromine (diatomic nonmetal)
Krypton (noble gas)
Rubidium (alkali metal)
Strontium (alkaline earth metal)
Yttrium (transition metal)
Zirconium (transition metal)
Niobium (transition metal)
Molybdenum (transition metal)
Technetium (transition metal)
Ruthenium (transition metal)
Rhodium (transition metal)
Palladium (transition metal)
Silver (transition metal)
Cadmium (transition metal)
Indium (post-transition metal)
Tin (post-transition metal)
Antimony (metalloid)
Tellurium (metalloid)
Iodine (diatomic nonmetal)
Xenon (noble gas)
Caesium (alkali metal)
Barium (alkaline earth metal)
Lanthanum (lanthanide)
Cerium (lanthanide)
Praseodymium (lanthanide)
Neodymium (lanthanide)
Promethium (lanthanide)
Samarium (lanthanide)
Europium (lanthanide)
Gadolinium (lanthanide)
Terbium (lanthanide)
Dysprosium (lanthanide)
Holmium (lanthanide)
Erbium (lanthanide)
Thulium (lanthanide)
Ytterbium (lanthanide)
Lutetium (lanthanide)
Hafnium (transition metal)
Tantalum (transition metal)
Tungsten (transition metal)
Rhenium (transition metal)
Osmium (transition metal)
Iridium (transition metal)
Platinum (transition metal)
Gold (transition metal)
Mercury (transition metal)
Thallium (post-transition metal)
Lead (post-transition metal)
Bismuth (post-transition metal)
Polonium (post-transition metal)
Astatine (metalloid)
Radon (noble gas)
Francium (alkali metal)
Radium (alkaline earth metal)
Actinium (actinide)
Thorium (actinide)
Protactinium (actinide)
Uranium (actinide)
Neptunium (actinide)
Plutonium (actinide)
Americium (actinide)
Curium (actinide)
Berkelium (actinide)
Californium (actinide)
Einsteinium (actinide)
Fermium (actinide)
Mendelevium (actinide)
Nobelium (actinide)
Lawrencium (actinide)
Rutherfordium (transition metal)
Dubnium (transition metal)
Seaborgium (transition metal)
Bohrium (transition metal)
Hassium (transition metal)
Meitnerium (unknown chemical properties)
Darmstadtium (unknown chemical properties)
Roentgenium (unknown chemical properties)
Copernicium (transition metal)
Nihonium (unknown chemical properties)
Flerovium (unknown chemical properties)
Moscovium (unknown chemical properties)
Livermorium (unknown chemical properties)
Tennessine (unknown chemical properties)
Oganesson (unknown chemical properties)
Os

Hs

(Uhb)
bohriumhassiummeitnerium
اټومي شمیره (Z) 108
گروپ, پیریود group 8, period 7
بلاک d-block
Element category   transition metal
Mass number 277 (most stable isotope)
Electron configuration [Rn] 5f14 6d6 7s2 [۳]
Electrons per shell
2, 8, 18, 32, 32, 14, 2
فزیکي خواص
حالت (at STP) جامد (predicted)[۴]
Density near r.t. 41 g/cm3 (predicted)[۳]
اټومي خواص
Oxidation states 8, (6), (5), (4), (3), (2)[۲][۳][۵][۶] ​(parenthesized oxidation states are predictions)
Ionization energies
  • 1st: 733.3 kJ/mol
  • 2nd: 1756.0 kJ/mol
  • 3rd: 2827.0 kJ/mol
  • (more) (all but first estimated)[۳]
Atomic radius empirical: 126 pm (estimated)[۳]
Covalent radius 134 pm (estimated)[۷]
Miscellanea
Crystal structurehexagonal close-packed (hcp)
Hexagonal close-packed crystal structure for hassium

(predicted)[۴]
CAS Number 54037-57-9
History
Naming after Hassia, Latin for Hesse, Germany, where it was discovered[۲]
Discovery Gesellschaft für Schwerionenforschung (1984)
Main isotopes of hassium
آيسو­ټوپ Abun­dance نیم ژوند (t1/2) Decay mode Pro­duct
277Hs syn 30 s SF
271Hs syn 4 s α 267Sg
270Hs syn 10 s α 266Sg
269Hs syn 9.7 s α 265Sg
| references | in Wikidata

هاسيوم (په انگرېزي: Hassium) له کیمیاوي عناصرو څخه یو دی چې په تناوبي جدول کې د Hs سمبول او ۱۰۸ اتمي شمېرې په وسیله ښودل شوی دی.

مشخصات[سمول]

تاریخچه[سمول]

مرکبات[سمول]

د استعمال ځایونه[سمول]

سرچينې[سمول]

  1. . Hassium. The Periodic Table of Videos. The University of Nottingham
  2. ۲٫۰ ۲٫۱ ۲٫۲ Emsley, John (2011). [اصطلاحي تېروتنه: د ناپېژندلې ليکنښې لوښه "۱". Nature's Building Blocks: An A-Z Guide to the Elements] (New ed.). New York, NY: Oxford University Press. p. 215–7. ISBN 978-0-19-960563-7. 
  3. ۳٫۰ ۳٫۱ ۳٫۲ ۳٫۳ ۳٫۴ Hoffman, Darleane C.; Lee, Diana M.; Pershina, Valeria (2006). [اصطلاحي تېروتنه: د ناپېژندلې ليکنښې لوښه "۱". "Transactinides and the future elements"]. In Morss; Edelstein, Norman M.; Fuger, Jean. The Chemistry of the Actinide and Transactinide Elements (3rd ed.). Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Springer Science+Business Media. ISBN 1-4020-3555-1. 
  4. ۴٫۰ ۴٫۱ Östlin, A.; Vitos, L. (2011). [اصطلاحي تېروتنه: د ناپېژندلې ليکنښې لوښه "۱". "First-principles calculation of the structural stability of 6d transition metals"]. Physical Review B 84 (11). doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.84.113104. Bibcode2011PhRvB..84k3104O. 
  5. Fricke, Burkhard (1975). "Superheavy elements: a prediction of their chemical and physical properties". Recent Impact of Physics on Inorganic Chemistry 21: 89–144. doi:10.1007/BFb0116498. http://www.researchgate.net/publication/225672062_Superheavy_elements_a_prediction_of_their_chemical_and_physical_properties. Retrieved 4 October 2013. 
  6. (په 31 October 2008 کې). Investigation of group 8 metallocenes @ TASCA. 7th Workshop on Recoil Separator for Superheavy Element Chemistry TASCA 08. Gesellschaft für Schwerionenforschung
  7. (په 2011 کې). Chemical Data: Hassium. Visual Elements Periodic Table. Royal Society of Chemistry

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