مېټېنېټريوم

د ويکيپېډيا، وړیا پوهنغونډ له خوا
و اصلی برخی ته ورشی د پلټنې ځای ته ورټوپ کړی
Meitnerium,  109Mt
عمومي خواص
Pronunciation /mtˈnɪəriəm/[۱] or /ˈmtnəriəm/[۲]
myt-NEER-ee-əm or MYT-nər-ee-əm
Meitnerium په دوراني جدول کې
Hydrogen (diatomic nonmetal)
Helium (noble gas)
Lithium (alkali metal)
Beryllium (alkaline earth metal)
Boron (metalloid)
Carbon (polyatomic nonmetal)
Nitrogen (diatomic nonmetal)
Oxygen (diatomic nonmetal)
Fluorine (diatomic nonmetal)
Neon (noble gas)
Sodium (alkali metal)
Magnesium (alkaline earth metal)
Aluminium (post-transition metal)
Silicon (metalloid)
Phosphorus (polyatomic nonmetal)
Sulfur (polyatomic nonmetal)
Chlorine (diatomic nonmetal)
Argon (noble gas)
Potassium (alkali metal)
Calcium (alkaline earth metal)
Scandium (transition metal)
Titanium (transition metal)
Vanadium (transition metal)
Chromium (transition metal)
Manganese (transition metal)
Iron (transition metal)
Cobalt (transition metal)
Nickel (transition metal)
Copper (transition metal)
Zinc (transition metal)
Gallium (post-transition metal)
Germanium (metalloid)
Arsenic (metalloid)
Selenium (polyatomic nonmetal)
Bromine (diatomic nonmetal)
Krypton (noble gas)
Rubidium (alkali metal)
Strontium (alkaline earth metal)
Yttrium (transition metal)
Zirconium (transition metal)
Niobium (transition metal)
Molybdenum (transition metal)
Technetium (transition metal)
Ruthenium (transition metal)
Rhodium (transition metal)
Palladium (transition metal)
Silver (transition metal)
Cadmium (transition metal)
Indium (post-transition metal)
Tin (post-transition metal)
Antimony (metalloid)
Tellurium (metalloid)
Iodine (diatomic nonmetal)
Xenon (noble gas)
Caesium (alkali metal)
Barium (alkaline earth metal)
Lanthanum (lanthanide)
Cerium (lanthanide)
Praseodymium (lanthanide)
Neodymium (lanthanide)
Promethium (lanthanide)
Samarium (lanthanide)
Europium (lanthanide)
Gadolinium (lanthanide)
Terbium (lanthanide)
Dysprosium (lanthanide)
Holmium (lanthanide)
Erbium (lanthanide)
Thulium (lanthanide)
Ytterbium (lanthanide)
Lutetium (lanthanide)
Hafnium (transition metal)
Tantalum (transition metal)
Tungsten (transition metal)
Rhenium (transition metal)
Osmium (transition metal)
Iridium (transition metal)
Platinum (transition metal)
Gold (transition metal)
Mercury (transition metal)
Thallium (post-transition metal)
Lead (post-transition metal)
Bismuth (post-transition metal)
Polonium (post-transition metal)
Astatine (metalloid)
Radon (noble gas)
Francium (alkali metal)
Radium (alkaline earth metal)
Actinium (actinide)
Thorium (actinide)
Protactinium (actinide)
Uranium (actinide)
Neptunium (actinide)
Plutonium (actinide)
Americium (actinide)
Curium (actinide)
Berkelium (actinide)
Californium (actinide)
Einsteinium (actinide)
Fermium (actinide)
Mendelevium (actinide)
Nobelium (actinide)
Lawrencium (actinide)
Rutherfordium (transition metal)
Dubnium (transition metal)
Seaborgium (transition metal)
Bohrium (transition metal)
Hassium (transition metal)
Meitnerium (unknown chemical properties)
Darmstadtium (unknown chemical properties)
Roentgenium (unknown chemical properties)
Copernicium (transition metal)
Nihonium (unknown chemical properties)
Flerovium (unknown chemical properties)
Moscovium (unknown chemical properties)
Livermorium (unknown chemical properties)
Tennessine (unknown chemical properties)
Oganesson (unknown chemical properties)
Ir

Mt

(Uht)
hassiummeitneriumdarmstadtium
اټومي شمیره (Z)109
گروپ, پیریودgroup 9, period 7
بلاکd-block
Element categoryunknown, but probably a transition metal[۳][۴]
Mass number278
(unconfirmed: 282) (most stable isotope)
Electron configuration[Rn] 5f14 6d7 7s2 (calculated)[۳][۵]
Electrons per shell
2, 8, 18, 32, 32, 15, 2 (predicted)
فزیکي خواص
حالت (at STP)جامد (predicted)[۴]
Density near r.t.37.4 g/cm3 (predicted)[۳]
اټومي خواص
Oxidation states9, 8, 6, 4, 3, 1(predicted)[۳][۶][۷][۸]
Ionization energies
  • 1st: 800.8 kJ/mol
  • 2nd: 1823.6 kJ/mol
  • 3rd: 2904.2 kJ/mol
  • (more) (all estimated)[۳]
Atomic radiusempirical: 128 pm (predicted)[۳][۸]
Covalent radius129 pm (estimated)[۹]
Miscellanea
Crystal structureface-centered cubic (fcc)
Face-centered cubic crystal structure for meitnerium

(predicted)[۴]
Magnetic orderingparamagnetic (predicted)[۱۰]
CAS Number54038-01-6
History
Namingafter Lise Meitner
DiscoveryGesellschaft für Schwerionenforschung (1982)
Main isotopes of meitnerium
آيسو­ټوپ Abun­dance نیم ژوند (t1/2) Decay mode Pro­duct
282Mt[۱۱] syn 67 s? α 278Bh
278Mt syn 4 s α 274Bh
276Mt syn 0.6 s α 272Bh
274Mt syn 0.4 s α 270Bh
| references | in Wikidata

مېټېنېټريوم (په انگرېزي: Meitnerium) له کیمیاوي عناصرو څخه یو دی چې په تناوبي جدول کې د Mt سمبول او ۱۰۹ اتمي شمېرې په وسیله ښودل شوی دی.

مشخصات[سمول]

تاریخچه[سمول]

مرکبات[سمول]

د استعمال ځایونه[سمول]

سرچينې[سمول]

  1. Emsley, John (2003). Nature's Building Blocks. Oxford University Press. د کتاب نړيواله کره شمېره 978-0198503408. د لاسرسي‌نېټه ۱۲ نومبر ۲۰۱۲. الوسيط |CitationClass= تم تجاهله (مساعدة)
  2. "Meitnerium". Periodic Table of Videos. The University of Nottingham. د لاسرسي‌نېټه ۱۵ اکتوبر ۲۰۱۲. الوسيط |CitationClass= تم تجاهله (مساعدة)
  3. ۳٫۰ ۳٫۱ ۳٫۲ ۳٫۳ ۳٫۴ ۳٫۵ Hoffman, Darleane C.; Lee, Diana M.; Pershina, Valeria (2006). "Transactinides and the future elements". In Morss; Edelstein, Norman M.; Fuger, Jean (المحررون). The Chemistry of the Actinide and Transactinide Elements (الطبعة 3rd). Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Springer Science+Business Media. د کتاب نړيواله کره شمېره 1-4020-3555-1. الوسيط |CitationClass= تم تجاهله (مساعدة)
  4. ۴٫۰ ۴٫۱ ۴٫۲ Östlin, A.; Vitos, L. (2011). [اصطلاحي تېروتنه: د ناپېژندلې ليکنښې لوښه "۱". "First-principles calculation of the structural stability of 6d transition metals"]. Physical Review B 84 (11). doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.84.113104. Bibcode2011PhRvB..84k3104O. 
  5. Thierfelder, C.; Schwerdtfeger, P.; Heßberger, F. P.; Hofmann, S. (2008). [اصطلاحي تېروتنه: د ناپېژندلې ليکنښې لوښه "۱". "Dirac-Hartree-Fock studies of X-ray transitions in meitnerium"]. The European Physical Journal A 36 (2): 227. doi:10.1140/epja/i2008-10584-7. Bibcode2008EPJA...36..227T. 
  6. Ionova, G. V.; Ionova, I. S.; Mikhalko, V. K.; Gerasimova, G. A.; Kostrubov, Yu. N.; Suraeva, N. I. (2004). [اصطلاحي تېروتنه: د ناپېژندلې ليکنښې لوښه "۱". "Halides of Tetravalent Transactinides (Rf, Db, Sg, Bh, Hs, Mt, 110th Element): Physicochemical Properties"]. Russian Journal of Coordination Chemistry 30 (5): 352. doi:10.1023/B:RUCO.0000026006.39497.82. 
  7. Himmel, Daniel; Knapp, Carsten; Patzschke, Michael; Riedel, Sebastian (2010). [اصطلاحي تېروتنه: د ناپېژندلې ليکنښې لوښه "۱". "How Far Can We Go? Quantum-Chemical Investigations of Oxidation State +IX"]. ChemPhysChem 11 (4): 865–9. doi:10.1002/cphc.200900910. PMID 20127784. 
  8. ۸٫۰ ۸٫۱ Fricke, Burkhard (1975). "Superheavy elements: a prediction of their chemical and physical properties". Recent Impact of Physics on Inorganic Chemistry 21: 89–144. doi:10.1007/BFb0116498. http://www.researchgate.net/publication/225672062_Superheavy_elements_a_prediction_of_their_chemical_and_physical_properties. Retrieved 4 October 2013. 
  9. Chemical Data. Meitnerium - Mt, Royal Chemical Society
  10. Saito, Shiro L. (2009). [اصطلاحي تېروتنه: د ناپېژندلې ليکنښې لوښه "۱". "Hartree–Fock–Roothaan energies and expectation values for the neutral atoms He to Uuo: The B-spline expansion method"]. Atomic Data and Nuclear Data Tables 95 (6): 836. doi:10.1016/j.adt.2009.06.001. Bibcode2009ADNDT..95..836S. 
  11. Hofmann, S.; Heinz, S.; Mann, R.; Maurer, J.; Münzenberg, G.; Antalic, S.; Barth, W.; Burkhard, H. G. et al. (2016). [اصطلاحي تېروتنه: د ناپېژندلې ليکنښې لوښه "۱". "Review of even element super-heavy nuclei and search for element 120"]. The European Physics Journal A 2016 (52). doi:10.1140/epja/i2016-16180-4. 

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