بوهريوم

د ويکيپېډيا، وړیا پوهنغونډ له خوا
و اصلی برخی ته ورشی د پلټنې ځای ته ورټوپ کړی
Bohrium,  107Bh
عمومي خواص
Pronunciation /ˈbɔəriəm/
Bohrium په دوراني جدول کې
Hydrogen (diatomic nonmetal)
Helium (noble gas)
Lithium (alkali metal)
Beryllium (alkaline earth metal)
Boron (metalloid)
Carbon (polyatomic nonmetal)
Nitrogen (diatomic nonmetal)
Oxygen (diatomic nonmetal)
Fluorine (diatomic nonmetal)
Neon (noble gas)
Sodium (alkali metal)
Magnesium (alkaline earth metal)
Aluminium (post-transition metal)
Silicon (metalloid)
Phosphorus (polyatomic nonmetal)
Sulfur (polyatomic nonmetal)
Chlorine (diatomic nonmetal)
Argon (noble gas)
Potassium (alkali metal)
Calcium (alkaline earth metal)
Scandium (transition metal)
Titanium (transition metal)
Vanadium (transition metal)
Chromium (transition metal)
Manganese (transition metal)
Iron (transition metal)
Cobalt (transition metal)
Nickel (transition metal)
Copper (transition metal)
Zinc (transition metal)
Gallium (post-transition metal)
Germanium (metalloid)
Arsenic (metalloid)
Selenium (polyatomic nonmetal)
Bromine (diatomic nonmetal)
Krypton (noble gas)
Rubidium (alkali metal)
Strontium (alkaline earth metal)
Yttrium (transition metal)
Zirconium (transition metal)
Niobium (transition metal)
Molybdenum (transition metal)
Technetium (transition metal)
Ruthenium (transition metal)
Rhodium (transition metal)
Palladium (transition metal)
Silver (transition metal)
Cadmium (transition metal)
Indium (post-transition metal)
Tin (post-transition metal)
Antimony (metalloid)
Tellurium (metalloid)
Iodine (diatomic nonmetal)
Xenon (noble gas)
Caesium (alkali metal)
Barium (alkaline earth metal)
Lanthanum (lanthanide)
Cerium (lanthanide)
Praseodymium (lanthanide)
Neodymium (lanthanide)
Promethium (lanthanide)
Samarium (lanthanide)
Europium (lanthanide)
Gadolinium (lanthanide)
Terbium (lanthanide)
Dysprosium (lanthanide)
Holmium (lanthanide)
Erbium (lanthanide)
Thulium (lanthanide)
Ytterbium (lanthanide)
Lutetium (lanthanide)
Hafnium (transition metal)
Tantalum (transition metal)
Tungsten (transition metal)
Rhenium (transition metal)
Osmium (transition metal)
Iridium (transition metal)
Platinum (transition metal)
Gold (transition metal)
Mercury (transition metal)
Thallium (post-transition metal)
Lead (post-transition metal)
Bismuth (post-transition metal)
Polonium (post-transition metal)
Astatine (metalloid)
Radon (noble gas)
Francium (alkali metal)
Radium (alkaline earth metal)
Actinium (actinide)
Thorium (actinide)
Protactinium (actinide)
Uranium (actinide)
Neptunium (actinide)
Plutonium (actinide)
Americium (actinide)
Curium (actinide)
Berkelium (actinide)
Californium (actinide)
Einsteinium (actinide)
Fermium (actinide)
Mendelevium (actinide)
Nobelium (actinide)
Lawrencium (actinide)
Rutherfordium (transition metal)
Dubnium (transition metal)
Seaborgium (transition metal)
Bohrium (transition metal)
Hassium (transition metal)
Meitnerium (unknown chemical properties)
Darmstadtium (unknown chemical properties)
Roentgenium (unknown chemical properties)
Copernicium (transition metal)
Nihonium (unknown chemical properties)
Flerovium (unknown chemical properties)
Moscovium (unknown chemical properties)
Livermorium (unknown chemical properties)
Tennessine (unknown chemical properties)
Oganesson (unknown chemical properties)
Re

Bh

(Uhu)
seaborgiumbohriumhassium
اټومي شمیره (Z) 107
گروپ, پیریود group 7, period 7
بلاک d-block
Element category   transition metal
Mass number 270
(unconfirmed: 278) (most stable isotope)
Electron configuration [Rn] 5f14 6d5 7s2 [۱][۲]
Electrons per shell
2, 8, 18, 32, 32, 13, 2
فزیکي خواص
حالت (at STP) جامد (predicted)[۳]
Density near r.t. 37.1 g/cm3 (predicted)[۲][۴]
اټومي خواص
Oxidation states 7, (5), (4), (3)[۲][۴] ​(parenthesized oxidation states are predictions)
Ionization energies
  • 1st: 742.9 kJ/mol
  • 2nd: 1688.5 kJ/mol
  • 3rd: 2566.5 kJ/mol
  • (more) (all but first estimated)[۲]
Atomic radius empirical: 128 pm (predicted)[۲]
Covalent radius 141 pm (estimated)[۵]
Miscellanea
Crystal structurehexagonal close-packed (hcp)
Hexagonal close-packed crystal structure for bohrium

(predicted)[۳]
CAS Number 54037-14-8
History
Naming after Niels Bohr
Discovery Gesellschaft für Schwerionenforschung (1981)
Main isotopes of bohrium
آيسو­ټوپ Abun­dance نیم ژوند (t1/2) Decay mode Pro­duct
278Bh[۶] syn 690 s? SF
274Bh syn 40 s[۷] α 270Db
272Bh syn 10 s α 268Db
271Bh syn 1 s[۸] α 267Db
270Bh syn 60 s α 266Db
267Bh syn 17 s α 263Db
| references | in Wikidata

بوهريوم (په انگرېزي: Bohrium) له کیمیاوي عناصرو څخه یو دی چې په تناوبي جدول کې د Bh سمبول او ۱۰v اتمي شمېرې په وسیله ښودل شوی دی.

مشخصات[سمول]

تاریخچه[سمول]

مرکبات[سمول]

د استعمال ځایونه[سمول]

سرچينې[سمول]

  1. Johnson, E.; Fricke, B.; Jacob, T.; Dong, C. Z.; Fritzsche, S.; Pershina, V. (2002). [اصطلاحي تېروتنه: د ناپېژندلې ليکنښې لوښه "۱". "Ionization potentials and radii of neutral and ionized species of elements 107 (bohrium) and 108 (hassium) from extended multiconfiguration Dirac–Fock calculations"]. The Journal of Chemical Physics 116: 1862. doi:10.1063/1.1430256. Bibcode2002JChPh.116.1862J. 
  2. ۲٫۰ ۲٫۱ ۲٫۲ ۲٫۳ ۲٫۴ Hoffman, Darleane C.; Lee, Diana M.; Pershina, Valeria (2006). [اصطلاحي تېروتنه: د ناپېژندلې ليکنښې لوښه "۱". "Transactinides and the future elements"]. In Morss; Edelstein, Norman M.; Fuger, Jean. The Chemistry of the Actinide and Transactinide Elements (3rd ed.). Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Springer Science+Business Media. ISBN 1-4020-3555-1. 
  3. ۳٫۰ ۳٫۱ Östlin, A.; Vitos, L. (2011). [اصطلاحي تېروتنه: د ناپېژندلې ليکنښې لوښه "۱". "First-principles calculation of the structural stability of 6d transition metals"]. Physical Review B 84 (11). doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.84.113104. Bibcode2011PhRvB..84k3104O. 
  4. ۴٫۰ ۴٫۱ Fricke, Burkhard (1975). "Superheavy elements: a prediction of their chemical and physical properties". Recent Impact of Physics on Inorganic Chemistry 21: 89–144. doi:10.1007/BFb0116498. http://www.researchgate.net/publication/225672062_Superheavy_elements_a_prediction_of_their_chemical_and_physical_properties. Retrieved 4 October 2013. 
  5. Chemical Data. Bohrium - Bh, Royal Chemical Society
  6. Hofmann, S.; Heinz, S.; Mann, R.; Maurer, J.; Münzenberg, G.; Antalic, S.; Barth, W.; Burkhard, H. G. et al. (2016). [اصطلاحي تېروتنه: د ناپېژندلې ليکنښې لوښه "۱". "Review of even element super-heavy nuclei and search for element 120"]. The European Physics Journal A 2016 (52). doi:10.1140/epja/i2016-16180-4. 
  7. Oganessian, Yuri Ts.; Abdullin, F. Sh.; Bailey, P. D.; Benker, D. E.; Bennett, M. E.; Dmitriev, S. N.; Ezold, J. G.; Hamilton, J. H. et al. (2010-04-09). "Synthesis of a New Element with Atomic Number Z=117". Physical Review Letters (American Physical Society) 104 (142502). doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.104.142502. PMID 20481935. Bibcode2010PhRvL.104n2502O. http://www.researchgate.net/publication/44610795_Synthesis_of_a_new_element_with_atomic_number_Z__117.  (gives life-time of 1.3 min based on a single event; conversion to half-life is done by multiplying with ln(2).)
  8. FUSHE . Synthesis of SH-nuclei.

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