راډيوم

د ويکيپېډيا، وړیا پوهنغونډ له خوا
و اصلی برخی ته ورشی د پلټنې ځای ته ورټوپ کړی
Radium,  88Ra
Radium226.jpg
عمومي خواص
Pronunciation /ˈrdiəm/
RAY-dee-əm
Appearancesilvery white metallic
Radium په دوراني جدول کې
Hydrogen (diatomic nonmetal)
Helium (noble gas)
Lithium (alkali metal)
Beryllium (alkaline earth metal)
Boron (metalloid)
Carbon (polyatomic nonmetal)
Nitrogen (diatomic nonmetal)
Oxygen (diatomic nonmetal)
Fluorine (diatomic nonmetal)
Neon (noble gas)
Sodium (alkali metal)
Magnesium (alkaline earth metal)
Aluminium (post-transition metal)
Silicon (metalloid)
Phosphorus (polyatomic nonmetal)
Sulfur (polyatomic nonmetal)
Chlorine (diatomic nonmetal)
Argon (noble gas)
Potassium (alkali metal)
Calcium (alkaline earth metal)
Scandium (transition metal)
Titanium (transition metal)
Vanadium (transition metal)
Chromium (transition metal)
Manganese (transition metal)
Iron (transition metal)
Cobalt (transition metal)
Nickel (transition metal)
Copper (transition metal)
Zinc (transition metal)
Gallium (post-transition metal)
Germanium (metalloid)
Arsenic (metalloid)
Selenium (polyatomic nonmetal)
Bromine (diatomic nonmetal)
Krypton (noble gas)
Rubidium (alkali metal)
Strontium (alkaline earth metal)
Yttrium (transition metal)
Zirconium (transition metal)
Niobium (transition metal)
Molybdenum (transition metal)
Technetium (transition metal)
Ruthenium (transition metal)
Rhodium (transition metal)
Palladium (transition metal)
Silver (transition metal)
Cadmium (transition metal)
Indium (post-transition metal)
Tin (post-transition metal)
Antimony (metalloid)
Tellurium (metalloid)
Iodine (diatomic nonmetal)
Xenon (noble gas)
Caesium (alkali metal)
Barium (alkaline earth metal)
Lanthanum (lanthanide)
Cerium (lanthanide)
Praseodymium (lanthanide)
Neodymium (lanthanide)
Promethium (lanthanide)
Samarium (lanthanide)
Europium (lanthanide)
Gadolinium (lanthanide)
Terbium (lanthanide)
Dysprosium (lanthanide)
Holmium (lanthanide)
Erbium (lanthanide)
Thulium (lanthanide)
Ytterbium (lanthanide)
Lutetium (lanthanide)
Hafnium (transition metal)
Tantalum (transition metal)
Tungsten (transition metal)
Rhenium (transition metal)
Osmium (transition metal)
Iridium (transition metal)
Platinum (transition metal)
Gold (transition metal)
Mercury (transition metal)
Thallium (post-transition metal)
Lead (post-transition metal)
Bismuth (post-transition metal)
Polonium (post-transition metal)
Astatine (metalloid)
Radon (noble gas)
Francium (alkali metal)
Radium (alkaline earth metal)
Actinium (actinide)
Thorium (actinide)
Protactinium (actinide)
Uranium (actinide)
Neptunium (actinide)
Plutonium (actinide)
Americium (actinide)
Curium (actinide)
Berkelium (actinide)
Californium (actinide)
Einsteinium (actinide)
Fermium (actinide)
Mendelevium (actinide)
Nobelium (actinide)
Lawrencium (actinide)
Rutherfordium (transition metal)
Dubnium (transition metal)
Seaborgium (transition metal)
Bohrium (transition metal)
Hassium (transition metal)
Meitnerium (unknown chemical properties)
Darmstadtium (unknown chemical properties)
Roentgenium (unknown chemical properties)
Copernicium (transition metal)
Nihonium (unknown chemical properties)
Flerovium (unknown chemical properties)
Moscovium (unknown chemical properties)
Livermorium (unknown chemical properties)
Tennessine (unknown chemical properties)
Oganesson (unknown chemical properties)
Ba

Ra

(Ubn)
franciumradiumactinium
اټومي شمیره (Z)88
گروپ, پیریودgroup 2 (alkaline earth metals), period 7
بلاکs-block
Element category  alkaline earth metal
Mass number226 (most stable isotope)
Electron configuration[Rn] 7s2
Electrons per shell
2, 8, 18, 32, 18, 8, 2
فزیکي خواص
حالت (at STP)جامد
دويلې کيدو ټکى973 K ​(700 °C, ​1292 °F) (disputed)
يشنا ټکی2010 K ​(1737 °C, ​3159 °F)
Density near r.t.5.5 g/cm3
Heat of fusion8.5 kJ/mol
Heat of vaporization113 kJ/mol
Vapor pressure
P (Pa) 1 10 100 1 k 10 k 100 k
at T (K) 819 906 1037 1209 1446 1799
اټومي خواص
Oxidation states2 ​(expected to have a strongly basic oxide)
ElectronegativityPauling scale: 0.9
Ionization energies
  • 1st: 509.3 kJ/mol
  • 2nd: 979.0 kJ/mol
Covalent radius221±2 pm
Van der Waals radius283 pm
Miscellanea
Crystal structurebody-centered cubic (bcc)
Body-centered cubic crystal structure for radium
د تودوخې تېرېدنه18.6 W/(m·K)
Electrical resistivity1 µΩ·m (at 20 °C)
Magnetic orderingnonmagnetic
CAS Number7440-14-4
History
DiscoveryPierre and Marie Curie (1898)
First isolationMarie Curie (1910)
Main isotopes of radium
آيسو­ټوپ Abun­dance نیم ژوند (t1/2) Decay mode Pro­duct
223Ra trace 11.43 d α 219Rn
224Ra trace 3.6319 d α 220Rn
225Ra trace 14.9 d β 225Ac
226Ra trace 1600 y α 222Rn
228Ra trace 5.75 y β 228Ac
| references | in Wikidata

راډيوم (په انگرېزي: Radium) له کیمیاوي عناصرو څخه یو دی چې په تناوبي جدول کې د Ra سمبول او ۸۸ اتمي شمېرې په وسیله ښودل شوی دی.

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