پښتو رسنۍ

د ويکيپېډيا، وړیا پوهنغونډ له خوا
و اصلی برخی ته ورشی د پلټنې ځای ته ورټوپ کړی

پښتو رسنۍ , پښتو ورځپانې, پښتو مجلې, پښتو تلويزون, پښتو راډيو ,پښتو فلم، پښتو انټرنټ او پښتو ، چې په افغانستان لومړۍ او په پاکستان دويمې سترې او مهمې رسنۍ بلل کېږي.

لومړني پښتو شعرونه[سمول]

پښتو نه یوازې د یوې ژبې نوم دی، بلکې په دې کې د پښتنو ټول دودونه، قوانین او ارزښتونه هم شامل دی. تر کومه ځايه پورې چې د پښتو ژبې په تاريخ پورې اړه لري، د زرگونه کلونه مخکې وخت پکې راځي، خو مونږه د یوې کره ليکل شوې شاعری څرک په ۱۳۹ لېږديز کال کې مومو. اما، دا په دې مانا نده چې لدې څخه مخکې دلته کومه شاعري نه وه. شاعري وه. خو نه په یوه کره ليکلې بڼه. شاعرانو تر ډېره شعرونه په شفاهي ډول ويلي او بيا وروسته د شاعر پيروانو او مينه والو د هغه شرونه يادي کړي هم دی. د یو او دوه نسلونو خو به داشعرونه یاد ول خو بيار وروسته ورو ورو د خلکو له ذهنونو وتلي.

پښتو نثر[سمول]

Intellectual, scholars and critics divide Pashto literature into two parts, i.e. poetry and prose. The matter of fact is that Pashto literature mostly consists of poetic expressions.[citation needed] Historical collection indicates that primeval Pashto literature was basically in poetic form.[citation needed] Poetic literature like Amir Crore Nazam and Sheikh Mati Munajat were all in poetic form. Prose found its place in Pashto literature very late. The reason is that poetry is a far common and effective genre for translating and expressing one’s feeling into it and conveying the same to others. However prose vis-à-vis poetry appeals to a very selective mind and heart. Now the question arises as to when prose writing came into vogue in Pashto literature. There are various profound claims and arguments regarding the origin of prose in Pashto literature like it having been originated as back as 223 HIJRI in the form of translation of Arabic verses in book titled ‘SaloVagma’ (Deserted Breeze). Since the book is not vogue and the idea is based on mere assumption, it cannot be taken as authentic. Similarly, another book Tazkiratul Aulia, written by Suleman Makoo in 612 Hijri, is said to be the first recognized book in Pashto. The book contains descriptions of major Aulia, like Shiekh Malkair (R.A), Shiekh Ismial (R.A) and Sheikh Bakhtiar (R.A). The complete book is not in existence but a part of it is available. However, the oldest complete prose book in Pashto that is still in existence today is Khairul Bayan. After that we come across Akhund Darvez’s book title Makhzanul Islam and various other books written in the 9th and 10th centuries by Babu Jan, Mlamast Zamand, Allah Yar, and Akhun Qasim. But all these books were in prose-verse as they contained difficult words and rhetorical expressions and poetic rhythms as well. After that comes the era of the great Pashto poet Khushal Khan Khattak, who along with his family has made a remarkable contribution to Pashto prose writing. His sons, one of his daughters, Haleema Khatak and his grandchildren (Khushaal Khan Khatak’s) contributed to Pashto prose in an especially unique way. It was this period when prose was written in clear, short and easy to follow and comprehensible form. Then comes the period of some of the greatest prose writers Saleh Mohammad, Ghulam Mohyuddin Afghan, Zamarley, Maulvi Mir Ahmed Shah, and Abdul Rauf Qaney further contributed to the cause of Pashto prose in Afghanistan. To conclude, Pashto expressions far more exceeds prose collections in Pashto literature as prose needs special attention on the part of intellectuals and critics and as this very form of expression is less developed in prose vis-à-vis poetry.

پښتو اكادمي او پښتو ادبيات[سمول]

پښتو ورځپاڼي[سمول]

د پښتو ورځپاڼو تاريخ[سمول]

Mahmud Tarzi, standing next to his wife, was one of Afghanistan's greatest intellectuals.[۱] He is known as the father of Afghan journalism.

پښتو نړيوال راډيو سټشنونه[سمول]

تلويزون[سمول]

د پښتو تلويزيون مخينه[سمول]

پښتو فلمونه[سمول]

د پښتو فلم تاريخ[سمول]

د پښتو فلم صنعت[سمول]

دا هم وگورئ[سمول]


سرچينه[سمول]