دسوریې اړوند دعرب سوسیالیست بعث ګوند

د ويکيپېډيا، وړیا پوهنغونډ له خوا
Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party – Syria Region
حزب البعث العربي الاشتراكي – قطر سوريا
Regional Secretaryبشار الاسد< />Hilal Hilal (assistant)[۱]
ناره"یووالی, خپلواکي, سوشلیزم" "Long Live The Arabs"[۲]
جوړښت۷ اپریل ۱۹۴۷؛ Lua error in Module:Time_ago at line ۱۰۲: attempt to call local 'Date' (a nil value)٫ (۱۹۴۷-۰۴-07)
مرکزي دفترDamascus, سوریه
ورځپاڼهAl-Ba'ath[۳] and Al-Thawra[۴][۵]
زده کوونکو تنظيمNational Union of Students
Ba'ath Vanguards[۶]
ځوانانوتنظيمRevolutionary Youth Union[۷]
Paramilitary wingBa'ath Brigades (2012–2018)[۸][۹]
غړيتوبSteady 1.2 million (2010 شاوخوا.)[۱۰]
نظرياتNeo-Ba'athism

Historical:

سياسي ډلبنديFar-left[۴۷]
Popular frontNational Progressive Front[۴۸]
Seats in the
People's Council
کينډۍ:Composition bar
Seats in the
Council of Ministers
کينډۍ:Composition bar
د گوند بيرغ
وېبپاڼه
www.baathparty.sy
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  37. Al-Maaloli, Dr. Raymon (28 April 2016). The Ideology of Authority: 50 Years of Education in Syria [إيديولوجية السلطة: خمسون عاماً على التعليم في سوريا]. Fikra Forum: An initiative of The Washington Institute for Near East Policy. Policy Analysis Articles & Op-Eds. "Syria’s 1973 constitution makes this connection explicit... Article 21 of the constitution defines the purpose of the educational system as, “Creating a socialist nationalist Arab generation which is scientifically minded and attached to its history and land, proud of its heritage, and filled with the spirit of struggle to achieve its nation's objectives of unity, freedom, and socialism, and to serve humanity and its progress.”"
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  44. Walt, Stephen (1987). "3:From the Baghdad Pact to the Six Day War". The Origins of Alliances. Cornell University Press. د کتاب پاڼي 87–88. د کتاب نړيواله کره شمېره 978-0-8014-9418-5. yet another coup d'etat in Syria in February 1966 ousted the old guard of the Ba'th Party... and gave a radical faction (subsequently dubbed the neo-Ba'th) undisputed power. Abandoning the traditional goal of Arab unity, the new leaders proclaimed a radical socialist platform at home and a commitment to violent revolutionary activity abroad.. الوسيط |CitationClass= تم تجاهله (مساعدة)
  45. Batatu, Hanna (1999). Syria's Peasantry, the Descendants of Its Lesser Rural Notables, and Their Politics. Chichester, West Sussex, UK: Princeton University Press. د کتاب پاڼي 283–284. د کتاب نړيواله کره شمېره 0-691-00254-1. الوسيط |CitationClass= تم تجاهله (مساعدة)
  46. Multiple sources:
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    • I. Dawisha, Adeed (1980). "3: External and Internal Setting". Syria and the Lebanese Crisis. London, UK: Macmillan Press Ltd. د کتاب پاڼې 45. د کتاب نړيواله کره شمېره 978-1-349-05373-5. The change has been particularly marked under Asad. He has created a fairly popular Presidential regime: radical left, the most advanced socialist regime in the Arab world, it is progressively widening the frame to include more peasants and labourers. الوسيط |CitationClass= تم تجاهله (مساعدة)
    • The Israel Economist. 26-27. University of Minnesota: Kollek & Son, Limited. 1970. د کتاب پاڼې 61. The ideology propounded by the Ba'ath changed completely. The accent on Arab nationalism was discarded as was moderate socialism. Their place was taken by Syrian nationalism and extreme left-wing ideas verging on communism. الوسيط |CitationClass= تم تجاهله (مساعدة)
    • Abadi, Jacob (2004). Israel's Quest for Recognition and Acceptance in Asia: Garrison State Diplomacy. London, UK: Frank Class Publishers. د کتاب پاڼې 22. د کتاب نړيواله کره شمېره 0-7146-5576-7. radical left-wing Ba'ath party in Syria. الوسيط |CitationClass= تم تجاهله (مساعدة)
    • S. Abu Jaber, Kamel (1966). The Arab Ba'th Socialist Party: History, Ideology and Organization. Syracuse, New York, USA: Syracuse University Press. د کتاب پاڼي xii–xiii, 33–47, 75–97. LCCN 66-25181. The leadership now in control of Syria does not represent the gamut of the Ba'th party. It is composed mainly of extreme leftists vesting almost exclusive authority in the military wing of the party. الوسيط |CitationClass= تم تجاهله (مساعدة)
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    • Phillips, Christopher (2020). The Battle for Syria: International Rivalry in the New Middle East. London, UK: Yale University Press. د کتاب پاڼې 11. د کتاب نړيواله کره شمېره 978-0-300-21717-9. In 1963.. the socialist Ba’ath Party, seized power. The radical left wing of the party then launched an internal coup in 1966, initiating accelerated land reform الوسيط |CitationClass= تم تجاهله (مساعدة)
    • Mikhaĭlovich Vasilʹev, Alekseĭ (1993). Russian Policy in the Middle East: From Messianism to Pragmatism. University of Michigan, USA: Ithaca Press. د کتاب پاڼي 63, 76. د کتاب نړيواله کره شمېره 978-0863721687. Syrian Baathist version of Arab nationalism and socialism offered plenty of points of contact with Soviet policy.. when the left-wing Baathist faction led by Nureddin Atasi came to power, accelerated Syria’s rapprochement with the Soviet Union.. for the USSR Syria remained an uneasy ally whose actions were beyond control, often unpredictable and the cause of complications. The ultra-leftist slogans originating from Damascus (such as a "people’s war") were not received enthusiastically in Moscow. Mustafa Tlas, the new Syrian chief of staff, was a theoretician of guerrilla warfare and had even translated works by Che Guevara who was not particularly popular among the Soviet leaders." الوسيط |CitationClass= تم تجاهله (مساعدة)
    • Climent, James (2015). World Terrorism: An Encyclopedia of Political Violence from Ancient Times to the Post-9/11 Era (الطبعة 2nd). New York: Routledge. د کتاب پاڼې 383. د کتاب نړيواله کره شمېره 978-0-7656-8284-0. influence of different views, came from the more radical left-wing nationalist groups. These groups included.. Syria's Ba'ath party which seized power in Damascus in 1963 الوسيط |CitationClass= تم تجاهله (مساعدة)
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  1. Sources:[۱۳][۱۴][۱۵][۱۶][۱۷][۱۸][۱۹][۲۰]
  2. [۲۳][۲۴]

دسوریې اړوند دعرب سوسیالیست بعث ګوند – په عربی ژبه( حزب البعث العربي الاشتراكي – قطر سوريا )، په رسمي توګه د سوريې سيمه ييزه څانګه، يو نوی بعثي سازمان دی چي د ۱۹۴۷ کال د اپریل په ۷ نېټه د میشل افلق ، صلاح الدین البطار، ذکی العروسي اوملګرو له لوري رامنځ ته سو. دغه ګوند په سوریه کي د ۱۹۶۳ کال له کودتا راهیسي چي بعثیان یې واک ته ورسول، پرله پسې حکومت کوي. دسوریې یاده څانګه لومړی داصلي بعث ګوند سیمه ایزه څانګه بلل کيده څوچي په 1966 کال کي په سوریې پوري په رسمي ډول ونښلول سوه. په 1963 کال کي واک ته د رسېدو راهیسي، د بعث نوي افسرانو د عنعنوي ملکي اشرافو په نښه کولو سره د نظامي دیکتاتورۍ رامینځته کولو ته دوام ورکړ چې په مطلق العنان [lower-alpha ۱] ډول فعالیت کوي؛ په داسي حال کي چي ټولي دولتي ادارې، ګوندي ارګانونه، عامه ادارې، مدني بنسټونه، رسنۍ او روغتیايي بنسټونه د اردو د تاسیساتو او مخابراتو (استخباراتي خدماتو) له لوري په کلکه ترڅار لاندي اودهغوی دخوښي سره سم فعالیتونه پرمخ وړي.

د ۱۹۶۶ کال کودتا د صلاح جدید او جنرال حفیظ الاسد د کیڼ اړخی افراطی ډلي په ګډه دبعث پخوانی ساتونکي ځواک چی میشل افلاق او صلاح الدین بیطار هم پکښي شامل وو له واکه لیری کړل. د سوریې دبعث کیڼ اړخي ډله یوسخت سوسیالیستي اقتصادي پروګرام پرمخ وړي، چي د سوریې له کمونستانو ، عربي دولتونو او شوروي بلاک سره نږدې اړیکي تعقیبوي.