خان قلات

د ويکيپېډيا، وړیا پوهنغونډ له خوا
و اصلی برخی ته ورشی د پلټنې ځای ته ورټوپ کړی
د کلات خان د خپلو زامنو سره

د کلات خان یا Khan-e-Qalat (بلوڅي: خان قلات) دا یو نوم دی چې د کلات د خاناتو د پخواني واکمنۍ د مشر لپاره کاریده. د کلات خانات اوس محال د پاکستان د بلوچستان یوه برخه ده چې بلوچستان د ۱۹۴۸ د مارچ په ۳۰ د پاکستان لخوا اشغال شو. The rulers in Kalat first were subjected to Mughal emperor Akbar in Delhi[۱][۲] after 1839 to the British, and since 1948 to the Pakistani government.

The rulers of Kalat held the title of Vali originally but in 1739 they also took the title (Begler Begi) Khan, usually shortened to just Khan. The last Khan of Kalat was also the President of the Council of Rulers for the Baluchistan States Union.

مخېنه[سمول]

The Khans of Kalat belonged to a Baloch[۳] hill chieftain named Qambar (or Qumbar).[۴][۵] His tribe was hired by Sehwa, the Raja of Kalat, a Hindu princely state, to protect against marauding tribes from the Multan, Shikarpur and Upper Sind areas.[۵] Mir Qambar Baloch and his troops successfully repressed the incursion, but afterward, they deposed the raja and Mir Qambar Baloch became the first Vali.[۴]

واکمنۍ د کلات خان یا قلات خان[۲] [۶]
1512–1530 مير بيجارخان ميرواني بلوڅ
1530–1535 مير زګر خان ميرواني بلوڅ
1535–1547 مير ابراهیم خان قمبراني بلوڅ (خپل شاهي کورنۍ نوم یې د ميرواني څخه و قمبراني ته واړوه)
1547–1549 مير ګهرام خان قمبراني بلوڅ
1549–1569 مير حسن خان قمبراني بلوڅ
1569–1581 مير سنجر خان قمبراني بلوڅ
1581–1590 مير ملوک خان قمبراني بلوڅ
1590–1601 مير قمبر ثانی خان قمبراني بلوڅ
1601–1610 لمړی مير احمد خان قمبراني بلوڅ
1610–1618 مير سوري خان قمبراني بلوڅ
1618–1629 مير قیصر خان قمبراني بلوڅ
1629–1637 دويم مير احمد ثانی خان قمبراني بلوڅ
1637–1647 لمړی مير التاز خان قمبراني بلوڅ
1647–1656 مير کچي خان قمبراني بلوڅ
1656–1666 دويم مير التاز ثانی خان قمبراني بلوڅ
1666–1695 لمړی میر احمد خان قمبراني بلوڅ III (خپل شاهي کورنۍ نوم یې د قمبراني څخه و احمد زاي ته واړوه)
1695–1697 مير مهراب خان احمد زاي بلوڅ I
1697–1714 مير سمندر خان احمد زاي بلوڅ ( امیرالامرا )
1714–1716 مير احمد II خان احمد زاي بلوڅ
1716–1731 Mir Abdullah Khan Ahmadzai Baloch ( Eagle of the Mountain and The Greatest )
1731–1749 Mir Muhabbat Khan Ahmadzai Baloch ( Beglar Begi )
1749–1794 Mir Muhammad Nasir Khan I Ahmadzai Baloch ( Noori, Ghazi, Wali and The Great )
1794–1817 Mir Mahmud Khan I Ahmadzai Baloch I
1817–13 November 1839 Mir Mehrab Khan Ahmadzai Baloch II
1839–1841 Mir Shah Nawaz Khan Ahmadzai Baloch
1841–1857 Mir Nasir Khan II Ahmadzai Baloch, son of Mir Naseer Khan Ahmadzai Baloch I[۷]
1857 – March 1863 Mir Khudadad Khan Ahmadzai Baloch (1st time). During his period of rule, seven major and many minor rebellions took place.
March 1863 – May 1864 Mir Sherdil Khan Ahmadzai Baloch (usurped throne)
May 1864–15 August 1893 Mir Khudadad Khan Ahmadzai Baloch (2nd time)
10 November 1893 – 3 November 1931 Mir Mahmud Khan II Ahmadzai Baloch
3 نومبر 1931 – 10 سپټمبر 1933 مير محمد اعظم جان خان احمدزاي بلوڅ
10 سپټمبر 1933 – 14 اکتوبر 1955 مير احمد یار خان احمذزاي بلوڅ (لمړی ځل);
د 1947 کال د اګوست په 5 د بلوچستان خپلواکي اعلان يې ګړ ; چې د 1948 کال د مارچ په 30 د پاکستان لخوا په زوره سره اشغال شو. [۸]
14 October 1955 State of Kalat meged into One Unit of West Pakistan[۹]
20 جون 1958–1958 مير احمد یار خان احمدزاي بلوڅ (دويم ځل)
1979 – تر اوسه مير سليمان داود جان (currently not Pakistan)[۱۰]

نور ولولئ[سمول]

سرچينې[سمول]

  1. Treaty of Kalat between Balochistan and Afghanistan in 1758
  2. ۲٫۰ ۲٫۱ "Baluchistan" Imperial Gazetteer of India Vol. 6, p. 277, from the Digital South Asia Library, accessed 15 January 2009
  3. Qambar gave his name to the Qambarani branch of the Baloch , just as Ahmed I gave his name to the Ahmedzai branch of the Qambrani, Balfour, Edward (1885) "India, Its Balochistan neighbours" The Cyclopædia of India and of Eastern and Southern Asia, Commercial, Industrial and Scientific Vol. II H-NYSA (3rd ed.) Bernard Quaritch, London, p. 195, accessed 15 January 2009
  4. ۴٫۰ ۴٫۱ Keltie, J. Scott (ed.) (1902) Statistical and historical annual of the states of the world for the year 1902 Macmillan and Co., London p. 172, accessed 15 January 2009
  5. ۵٫۰ ۵٫۱ Balfour, Edward (1885) "India, Its Baluchistan neighbours" The Cyclopædia of India and of Eastern and Southern Asia, Commercial, Industrial and Scientific Vol. II H-NYSA (3rd ed.) Bernard Quaritch, London, p. 191, accessed 15 January 2009
  6. Naseer Dashti (8 October 2012). The Baloch and Balochistan: A Historical Account from the Beginning to the Fall of the Baloch State. Trafford Publishing. pp. 280. ISBN 978-1-4669-5897-5. https://books.google.com/books?id=T0Jg3q33mkgC&pg=PA280. Retrieved 6 August 2013. 
  7. The British recognized Naseer Khan Ahmadzai Baloch II in 1841, Keltie, J. Scott (ed.) (1902) Statistical and historical annual of the states of the world for the year 1902 Macmillan and Co., London p. 173, accessed 15 January 2009
  8. Siddiqi, Farhan Hanif (2012), The Politics of Ethnicity in Pakistan: The Baloch, Sindhi and Mohajir Ethnic Movements, Routledge, pp. 59–60, ISBN 978-0-415-68614-3, https://books.google.com/books?id=tDb6i9x1FKgC&pg=PA59 
  9. Siddiqi, Farhan Hanif (2012), The Politics of Ethnicity in Pakistan: The Baloch, Sindhi and Mohajir Ethnic Movements, Routledge, p. 62, ISBN 978-0-415-68614-3, https://books.google.com/books?id=tDb6i9x1FKgC&pg=PA59 
  10. (په June 29, 2015 باندې). Khan of Kalat being persuaded to return home. Dawn

باندنې تړنۍ[سمول]